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Colicin-producing plasmid-containing cells of E. coli exhibit frequency-dependent selection when grown in glucose-limited continuous culture with the corresponding plasmid-free strain. The bases of this frequency-dependent effect are shown to be (1) the lower growth rate of the plasmid-containing strain under these conditions, and (2) the production of(More)
This article reviews the current state of knowledge concerning the nutrition of entomophagous insects and other arthropods. Early nutritional investigations focused principally on the basic dietary and nutritional requirements for beneficial insects. Based on these findings, the first attempts were made to develop mass culture methods and to formulate(More)
The non-homeostatic regulation of blood sugar concentration in the insect Manduca sexta L. was affected by nutritional status. Larvae maintained on diets lacking sucrose displayed low concentrations of trehalose, the blood sugar of insects, which varied from 5 to 15 mM with increasing dietary casein level between 12.5 and 75 g/l. These insects were(More)
Parasitism is defined in various ways as an intimate relationship in which one partner, the parasite, lives on or in another, the host, generally at the expense of the latter. Parasitism commonly results in a unique array of host physiological responses and adaptations. Most studies of the physiological effects of parasitism have focused on the pathological(More)
  • S N Thompson
  • 1983
1. The integrative nature of the parasite-host association was discussed, specifically with regard to the metabolic effects of parasitization as well as the physiological manifestation of infection in relation to the host's nutritional physiology. Endocrine interactions were also considered. 2. Relationships involving parasitic insects, including members of(More)
Moderate activity of arginine kinase was found in Steinernema carpocapsae, an entomopathogenic nematode. In the forward reaction, 4.60 and 3.12 micromol ATP/min/mg protein was produced in infectious third-stage juveniles (J3s) and adult nematodes, respectively. For the reverse reaction, 3.20 and 2.27 micromol phosphoarginine/min/mg protein was produced by(More)
In vivo flow 31P NMR spectroscopy of a microscopic nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae, is described. Long-term viability was maintained during analysis by continuous circulation of an oxygenated suspension of the parasite through an NMR spectrometer. Saturation transfer and inversion recovery were employed under flowing conditions to investigate the kinetics(More)
The basis of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) phenomenon is described in a classical framework with emphasis on magnetic nuclei of 1/2 spin, including 1H, 13C, and 31P. Biological applications of NMR spectroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are outlined briefly. NMR spectroscopic studies on parasitic protozoa, cestodes, nematodes, trematodes,(More)
The effects of macronutrient balance on nutrient intake and utilization were examined in Manduca sexta larvae parasitized by Cotesia congregata. Insects fed an artificial diet having constant total macronutrient, but with varied ratios of protein and carbohydrate, with altered diet consumption in response to excesses and deficiencies of the individual(More)
Pyruvate cycling was examined in the insect Manduca sexta L. (2-(13)C)pyruvate was injected into 5th instar larvae maintained on a semisynthetic high sucrose, low sucrose, or sucrose-free diet. Pyruvate cycling and gluconeogenesis were determined from the distribution of (13)C in blood metabolites, including trehalose, the blood sugar of insects, and(More)