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The treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME) by an upflow anaerobic sludge bed (UASB) at organic loading rates (OLR) between 2.2 and 9.5 g COD l(-1) day(-1) was achieved by acclimatizing the mesophilic (37 °C) microbial seed to the thermophilic temperature (57 °C) by a series of stepwise temperature shifts. The UASB produced up to 13.2 l biogas d(-1) with(More)
Sponge-associated bacteria have been found to produce a variety of bioactive compounds including natural pigments. Here, we report the molecular identification of zeaxanthin-producing sponge-associated bacteria isolated from sponges in the Gulf of Thailand and the effect of environmental factors on zeaxanthin production from a bacterium. Three colorful(More)
The effects of chitosan addition on treatment of palm oil mill effluent were investigated using two lab-scale upflow anaerobic sludge bed (UASB) reactors: (1) with chitosan addition at the dosage of 2 mg chitosan per g volatile suspended solids on the first day of the operation (R1), (2) without chitosan addition (the control, R2). The reactors were(More)
Latex rubber sheet wastewater (non sterile wastewater: RAW) was treated efficiently using a stimulated Rhodopseudomonas palustris P1 inoculum with added fermented pineapple extract (FPE) under microaerobic light conditions. Optimization of wastewater treatment conditions using a central composite design (CCD) found that a 3 % stimulated P1 inoculum with 0.9(More)
The anaerobic hybrid reactor consisting of sludge and packed zones was operated with organic pollutant loading rates from 6.2 to 8.2 g COD/L day, composed mainly of suspended solids (SS) and oil and grease (O&G) concentrations between 5.2 to 10.2 and 0.9 to 1.9 g/L, respectively. The overall process performance in terms of chemical oxygen demands (COD), SS,(More)
Anammox bacteria in sludge from an anoxic tank of a municipal wastewater treatment plant at Nongkhaem, Bangkok, Thailand were enriched in two sequencing batch reactors (SBRs; SBR-1 and SBR-2), under different conditions. SBR-1 was open to the atmosphere, while SBR-2 was closed and flushed with a mixture of 95% argon and 5% CO(2) during the fill period in(More)
This study characterized the microbial community and population dynamics in an anaerobic hybrid reactor (AHR) treating cassava starch wastewater. Methanogens and nonmethanogens were followed during the start-up and operation of the reactor, and linked to operational and performance data. Biomass samples taken from the sludge bed and packed bed zones of the(More)
An alternative 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probe specific for Archaea was developed and used for detection of methanogens in anaerobic reactors. The designed probe was checked for its specificity by computer-aided comparative sequence analysis. For in situ application, optimal stringency conditions were adjusted by performing whole cell hybridization(More)
This research aimed to study the diversity of purple nonsulfur bacteria (PNSB) and to investigate the effect of Hg concentrations in shrimp ponds on PNSB diversity. Amplification of the pufM gene was detected in 13 and 10 samples of water and sediment collected from 16 shrimp ponds in Southern Thailand. In addition to PNSB, other anoxygenic phototrophic(More)
The effects of organic loading rate and operating temperature on the microbial diversity and performances of upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors treating palm oil mill effluent (POME) were investigated. The following two UASB reactors were run in parallel for comparison: (1) under a mesophilic condition (37 degrees C) and (2) under a mesophilic(More)