Somesh P Singh

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Skin toxicity, a common drug-related adverse event observed in cancer patients treated with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-directed therapies is rarely seen with therapies targeting HER2. This study reports the significance of the EGFR and HER2 dimerization status in skin with regard to these dermatologic side effects. We demonstrate the(More)
Bacopa monniera (Brahmi) is an important Indian medicinal herb found in wet damp and marshy places. It produces medicinally important compounds known as bacosides along with alkaloids like brahmine and herpestine. Bacosides are triterpenoid saponins and their biosynthesis takes place via the isoprenoid pathway starting with acetyl-CoA. Acetyl-CoA(More)
BACKGROUND Periprosthetic supracondylar femoral fractures following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are infrequent, but is a devastating complication. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and outcomes of periprosthetic supracondylar femoral fractures following TKA using nonoperative as well as open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF)(More)
UNLABELLED : Cinnamoyl CoA reductase (CCR) carries out the first committed step in monolignol biosynthesis and acts as a first regulatory point in lignin formation. CCR shows multiple substrate specificity towards various cinnamoyl CoA esters. Here, in Silico mutagenesis studies of active site residues of Ll-CCRH1 were carried out. Homology modeling based(More)
UNLABELLED Farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase (FPS; EC 2.5.1.10) is a key enzyme in isoprenoid biosynthetic pathway and provides precursors for the biosynthesis of various pharmaceutically important metabolites. It catalyzes head to tail condensation of two isopentenyl pyrophosphate molecules with dimethylallyl pyrophosphate to form C15 compound farnesyl(More)
Flavonoids are a large class of phenylpropanoid-derived secondary metabolites, which are usually glycosylated by UDP-glycosyltransferases with one or more sugar groups. Here, we report the cloning and biochemical characterization of a flavonoid glycosyltransferase gene from Withania somnifera (WsGT), which is an important medicinal plant used in Ayurvedic(More)
Glycosyl hydrolase family 1 β-glucosidases are important enzymes that serve many diverse functions in plants including defense, whereby hydrolyzing the defensive compounds such as hydroxynitrile glucosides. A hydroxynitrile glucoside cleaving β-glucosidase gene (Llbglu1) was isolated from Leucaena leucocephala, cloned into pET-28a (+) and expressed in E.(More)
Health related benefits of isoflavones such as genistein are well known. Glycosylation of genistein yields different glycosides like genistein 7-O-glycoside (genistin) and genistein 4′-O-glycoside (sophoricoside). This is the first report on isolation, cloning and functional characterization of a glycosyltransferase specific for genistein 4′-O-glucoside(More)
The widespread pharmaceutically important triterpenoid saponins are synthesized via isoprenoid pathway. The formation of squalene is the key regulatory point in triterpene biosynthesis, catalyzed by squalene synthase (SQS). The present study deals with the detailed characterization of SQS by molecular, biochemical, and computational means from Bacopa(More)
Fluorescence quenching and time resolved fluorescence studies of wild type recombinant cinnamoyl CoA reductase (Ll-CCRH1), a multitryptophan protein from Leucaena leucocephala and 10 different active site mutants were carried out to investigate tryptophan environment. The enzyme showed highest affinity for feruloyl CoA (K a  = 3.72 × 105 M−1) over other CoA(More)