Somesh Baranwal

Learn More
Disruption of cell-cell adhesion, which is essential for the maintenance of epithelial plasticity and is mediated by a class of proteins called cadherins, is an initial event in the progression of cancer. Cadherins are Ca(2+)-dependent transmembrane proteins that are associated with actin via other cytoplasmic proteins. Disruption of cell-cell adhesion(More)
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans produces a leukotoxin (Ltx) that kills leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1)-bearing cells from man, the Great Apes and Old World monkeys. The unique specificity of Ltx for the beta2 integrin, LFA-1, suggests it is capable of providing insight into the pathogenic mechanisms of Ltx and other RTX toxins. Using(More)
Quinolones are among the drugs of choice in the management of cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae. In this study, we demonstrate that, in addition to mutations detected in the target genes gyrA and parC, proton motive force-dependent efflux is involved in quinolone resistance in clinical isolates of V. cholerae.
BACKGROUND Nischarin (encoded by NISCH), an α5 integrin-binding protein, has been identified as a regulator of breast cancer cell invasion. We hypothesized that it might be a tumor suppressor and were interested in its regulation. METHODS We examined nischarin expression in approximately 300 human breast cancer and normal tissues using quantitative(More)
MicroRNAs have emerged as a novel class of noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-translational level in almost every biological event. A large body of evidence indicates that microRNAs regulate the expression of different genes that play an important role in cancer cell invasion, migration and metastasis. In this review, we briefly(More)
Rho GTPases (Ras homologous family) comprise the largest subfamily cluster of the Ras-homology superfamily. Rho GTPases exist in inactive GDP and active GTP forms. The active forms of the Rho family members bind with numerous effector proteins that are crucial for various biological processes. Accumulating evidence exemplifies the importance of Rho effector(More)
Tight junctions (TJs) and adherens junctions (AJs) are key determinants of the structure and permeability of epithelial barriers. Although exocytic delivery to the cell surface is crucial for junctional assembly, little is known about the mechanisms controlling TJ and AJ exocytosis. This study was aimed at investigating whether a key mediator of exocytosis,(More)
Transdifferentiation of epithelial cells into mesenchymal cells and myofibroblasts plays an important role in tumor progression and tissue fibrosis. Such epithelial plasticity is accompanied by dramatic reorganizations of the actin cytoskeleton, although mechanisms underlying cytoskeletal effects on epithelial transdifferentiation remain poorly understood.(More)
Selective targeting of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) is a paradigm-shifting approach. We hypothesized that CSCs can be targeted by interfering with functions of sulfated glycosaminoglycans, which play key roles in cancer cell growth, invasion and metastasis. We developed a tandem, dual screen strategy involving (1) assessing inhibition of monolayer versus(More)
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is a common inhabitant of the upper aerodigestive tract of humans and non-human primates and is associated with disseminated infections, including lung and brain abscesses, pediatric infective endocarditis, and localized aggressive periodontitis. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans secretes a repeats-in-toxin protein,(More)