Somenath Roy Chowdhury

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Chemical investigation of the stem bark of Anthocephalus cadamba has resulted in the isolation of anthocephaline (1), a new indole alkaloid, along with strictosamide (2), vincosamide (3) and cadambine (4). The structures of the isolated alkaloids (1-4) were established by detailed 2D NMR spectral analysis. Cadambine (4) exhibited potent DNA topoisomerase IB(More)
Toward developing antileishmanial agents with mode of action targeted to DNA topoisomerases of Leishmania donovani, we have synthesized a large number of derivatives of betulin. The compound, a natural triterpene isolated from the cork layer of Betula spp. plants exhibits several pharmacological properties. Three compounds (disuccinyl betulin, diglutaryl(More)
Lignans are diphenyl propanoids with vast range of biological activities. The present study provides an important insight into the anti-leishmanial activities of two lignan glycosides, viz. lyoniside and saracoside. These compounds inhibit catalytic activities of topoisomerase IB (LdTopIB) of Leishmania donovani in non-competitive manner and stabilize the(More)
Chemical investigation of the stem of Thalictrum foliolosum resulted in the isolation of two new bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids (1 and 2) along with known protoberberine group of isoquinoline alkaloids thalifendine (3) and berberine (4). The structures of the new compounds were established by detailed 2D NMR spectral analysis with their configurations(More)
The unicellular organism Leishmania undergoes apoptosis-like cell death in response to external stress or exposure to antileishmanial agents. Here, we showed that 3-O,28-O-disuccinyl betulin (DiSB), a potent topoisomerase type IB inhibitor, induced parasitic cell death by generating oxidative stress. The characteristic feature of the death process resembled(More)
Chemical investigation of the stem bark and leaves of Putranjiva roxburghii has resulted in the isolation of a new ellagic acid glycoside (5) along with four saponins (1-4). The structures of the isolated compounds were established by detailed spectral analysis. Incidentally putranoside-A methyl ester (4) has been isolated for the first time from this(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis is a fatal parasitic disease, and there is an emergent need for development of effective drugs against this neglected tropical disease. We report here the development of a novel spirooxindole derivative, N-benzyl-2,2'α-3,3',5',6',7',7α,α'-octahydro-2methoxycarbonyl-spiro[indole-3,3'-pyrrolizidine]-2-one (compound 4c), which inhibits(More)
Indole alkaloids possess a large spectrum of biological activities including anti-protozoal action. Here we report for the first time that voacamine, isolated from the plant Tabernaemontana coronaria, is an antiprotozoal agent effective against a large array of trypanosomatid parasites including Indian strain of Leishmania donovani and Brazilian strains of(More)
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