Learn More
BACKGROUND Acute human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection is a major contributor to transmission of HIV-1. An understanding of acute HIV-1 infection may be important in the development of treatment strategies to eradicate HIV-1 or achieve a functional cure. METHODS We performed twice-weekly qualitative plasma HIV-1 RNA nucleic acid testing in(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a Phase I randomized, dose-escalation, route-comparison trial of MVA-CMDR, a candidate HIV-1 vaccine based on a recombinant modified vaccinia Ankara viral vector expressing HIV-1 genes env/gag/pol. The HIV sequences were derived from circulating recombinant form CRF01_AE, which predominates in Thailand. The objective was to evaluate(More)
HIV-1 subtype B and CRF01_AE have been in circulation in Thailand and Southeast Asia for more than a decade. Initially separated by risk group, the two strains are increasingly intermixed, and two recombinant strains of essentially reciprocal structure have been recently reported. Here we identify additional CRF_01B recombinants and provide the evidence(More)
High-resolution HIV-1 genotyping of large sample sets is crucial to define the evolving and dynamic epidemics in Asia. Here we present MHAbce v.2, a multi-region hybridization assay that individually discriminates subtypes B, C, CRF01_AE, and virtually all of their described recombinants, based on real-time PCR using subtype-specific TaqMan probes in 8(More)
CRF01_AE and subtype B are circulating in Thailand and the strains have become intermixed in some high-risk groups, establishing the possibility of intersubtype recombination. The first such recombinant, mostly B with gp120 from CRF01_AE, was recently identified. Here we report a heterosexually acquired recombinant of different structure, with most of the(More)
BACKGROUND Progestin-only injectable contraceptives continue to gain in popularity, but uncertainty remains about pregnancy risk among women late for reinjection. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a "grace period" of 2 weeks after the scheduled 13-week reinjection. Beyond 2 weeks, however, many providers send late clients home to await menses.(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the probability of pregnancy for oral contraceptive pill (OCP), injectable contraceptive, and condom users in Uganda, Thailand, and Zimbabwe. METHODS This study is a secondary analysis of 5,224 women who participated in a prospective study evaluating the association between hormonal contraception and human immunodeficiency virus(More)
Human papillomavirus type 52 is highly prevalent in Asia and Africa and accounts for 2-3% of total cervical cancer burden worldwide. The Roche Molecular Systems HPV Linear Array (RMS-LA uses multiple type (i.e. mixed) probes to detect DNA from HPV 52 infection which limits the assay's ability to determine HPV 52 status in the presence of HPV 33, 35, or 58(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women of reproductive age in Thailand. However, information on the prevalence and correlates of anogenital HPV infection in Thailand is sparse. METHODS HPV genotype information, reproductive factors, sexual behavior, other STI and clinical information, and cervical cytology and histology were(More)
Molecular characterization of C2-V5 envelope sequences from maternal plasma, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), cervical secretions and infant PBMC was performed in eight CRF01_AE-infected mother/infant pairs. Maternal viruses were relatively homogeneous within a compartment but distinct in different compartments in mothers with high CD4 cell(More)