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We present a model to estimate the Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) for passive optical network (PON) technology. We begin by identifying the key components of the PON technology and from that a CAPEX model is obtained. We then present single and cascaded splitter schemes, and their influence on the CAPEX.
An overview of several candidate architectures for 100 Gb/s capable optical access networks is presented. Considerations for their system requirements are outlined in regards to performance, cost and energy efficiency, towards addressing the design issues for the next generation EPON.
We review recently proposed nonlinear mitigation methods based on a frequency-domain Volterra series expansion for high-speed and long-haul optical transmission systems. Using a symmetric kernel reconstruction we derive a set of parallel frequency-domain filters that constructively add up to rebuild the matrix-based Volterra series nonlinear equalizer… (More)
A best fitting plane method and its application for Stokes space based polarization demultiplexing of a PDM-QPSK signal is presented. In particular, we investigate the dynamics of the normal vector to the plane, and the way its orientation depends on the step-size parameter of the method, among other parameters. It is also analysed how the performance of… (More)
Digital signal processing (DSP) is nowadays a key enabling technology in coherent optical transmission systems, triggering an increasing research effort on the development and optimization of DSP subsystems. The first DSP development step is often based on the use of simulation tools and offline processing of experimental data. Complementarily, real-time… (More)
We report our recent advances in the implementation of very high-speed optical channels (targeting 400 Gbps and 1 Tbit) based on multi-carrier super-channels supported by intense digital signal processing. We present results on modulation format agnostic polarization demultiplexing, computationally efficient chromatic dispersion equalization, and digital… (More)
Random polarization rotations caused by residual fiber birefringence is an important physical effect in optical coherent systems employing polarization-division multiplexing. The specificity of the large penalties induced by polarization-related impairments make polarization-dedicated equalization subsystems mandatory for the design of flexible coherent… (More)
Although several oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes have been suggested to be of relevance for the development of oral cancer, it is likely that additional genes are involved in this complex process. Therefore, in an attempt to isolate such genes, the aim of this study was to investigate changes in gene expression in human buccal carcinoma cells as… (More)
In this work, we experimentally implement an adaptive polarization demultiplexing (PolDemux) technique based on the representation of the state of polarization (SOP) of the signal in the Stokes space in bidirectional ultra-dense wavelength-division-multiplexed (U-DWDM) optical metro networks. BER measurement is used to assess the quality of DP-QPSK and… (More)