Somashekar G Krishna

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BACKGROUND High-dose therapy with melphalan can prolong survival among patients with multiple myeloma. We assessed whether the addition of thalidomide, which has activity against advanced and refractory myeloma, would further improve survival. METHODS Between October 1998 and February 2004, 668 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma received two(More)
To molecularly define high-risk disease, we performed microarray analysis on tumor cells from 532 newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma (MM) treated on 2 separate protocols. Using log-rank tests of expression quartiles, 70 genes, 30% mapping to chromosome 1 (P < .001), were linked to early disease-related death. Importantly, most up-regulated genes(More)
Melphalan-based autologous stem cell transplant (Mel-ASCT) is a standard therapy for multiple myeloma, but is associated with severe oral mucositis (OM). To identify predictors for severe OM, we studied 381 consecutive newly diagnosed myeloma patients who received Mel-ASCT. Melphalan was given at 200 mg/m2 body surface area (BSA), reduced to 140 mg/m2 for(More)
BACKGROUND Self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) are used to relieve malignant biliary obstruction. OBJECTIVE To compare outcomes between covered self-expandable metal stents (CSEMSs) and uncovered self-expandable metal stents (USEMSs) in malignant biliary obstruction. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Tertiary cancer center. PATIENTS(More)
We report 24 cases of multiple myeloma (MM) with involvement of the gastrointestinal (GI) system. We found a strong association with high A lactate dehydrogenase levels, plasmablastic morphology, and A unfavorable karyotype. GI involvement at the time of initial diagnosis was much rarer than later in the course of the disease. The A median survival after(More)
Nearly 2.5% of cross-sectional imaging studies will report a finding of a cystic pancreatic lesion. Even though most of these are incidental findings, it remains very concerning for both patients and treating clinicians. Differentiating and predicting malignant transformation in pancreatic cystic lesions is clinically challenging. Current evaluation of(More)
BACKGROUND The risk of endoscopic interventions in thrombocytopenia has received little attention in the medical literature. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the safety of endoscopic interventions including evaluation of GI bleeding (GIB) in patients with thrombocytopenia. DESIGN AND SETTING Retrospective study, tertiary oncology center. (More)
Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare aggressive tumor arising from the mechanoreceptors of the epidermis with a relative higher mortality rate stage for stage than melanoma. Microscopically, the cells appear similar to small cell lung cancer, but they specifically stain positive for CK20 and are negative for TTF-1. It is rarely known to metastasize to the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is indispensable for the diagnosis of solid pancreatic lesions (SPLs). However, initial attempt of EUS-FNA can be inconclusive. We retrospectively evaluated the ability of repeat EUS-FNA at a tertiary referral hospital to obtain a conclusive cytological diagnosis after the(More)
BACKGROUND Lower alimentary tract mucositis is a serious complication of chemotherapy. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence, risk factors, and mortality of lower alimentary tract mucositis in a homogeneous population of patients with newly diagnosed myeloma receiving similar antineoplastic therapy and standardized supportive care. METHODS(More)