Soma Mitra

Learn More
BACKGROUND Over 6 million people live in areas of West Bengal, India, where groundwater sources are contaminated with naturally occurring arsenic. The key objective of this nested case-control study was to characterize the dose-response relation between low arsenic concentrations in drinking water and arsenic-induced skin keratoses and hyperpigmentation. (More)
There has been widespread speculation about whether nutritional deficiencies increase the susceptibility to arsenic health effects. This is the first study to investigate whether dietary micronutrient and macronutrient intake modulates the well-established human risk of arsenic-induced skin lesions, including alterations in skin pigmentation and keratoses.(More)
Previous studies have suggested that susceptibility to arsenic toxicity could be influenced by micronutrients, in particular selenium, methionine, and beta-carotene. A case-control study was conducted in West Bengal, India, in a region known to have groundwater arsenic contamination, to determine whether differences in micronutrient status contribute to(More)
BACKGROUND Ingested inorganic arsenic (InAs) is methylated to monomethylated (MMA) and dimethylated metabolites (DMA). Methylation may have an important role in arsenic toxicity, because the monomethylated trivalent metabolite [MMA(III)] is highly toxic. OBJECTIVES We assessed the relationship of creatinine and nutrition--using dietary intake and blood(More)
The high prevalence of osteoporosis in Pakistan is of public-health concern. However, there is a paucity of information regarding nutrition and bone density in rural communities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dietary and lifestyle factors that impact bone health in Nahaqi. Data were collected from 140 postmenopausal women using an(More)
Modern safety-critical systems (e.g., combined pacemaker/deliberator devices, distributed patient therapy delivery systems) incorporate more functionality than similar devices of the past. The development of these complex systems challenges existing quality assurance techniques; results in significantly longer development times; and demands greater staffing(More)
The present work proposes a unified model to explain two previously reported properties of the Mach band illusion. The first is the frequently referenced fact that Mach bands are prominently visible at ramps, but practically vanish at intensity steps. The second property, less studied, on the other hand may also be related to the first. It concerns the fact(More)