Solomon Scott

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is generated in several cell types by treatment with lipopolysaccharides or cytokines. Earlier studies suggested that ulcerative colitis is associated with increased NO produced by iNOS; however, the cellular source of the NO synthesis was not identified. A possible mechanism of NO-induced cellular(More)
We used antibodies against the alpha subunits of the human fibronectin receptor (FNR) and vitronectin receptor (VNR) to localize simultaneously FNR and VNR at major substrate adhesion sites of fibroblasts and melanoma cells with double-label immunofluorescence microscopy. In early (2-6-h) serum-containing cultures, both FNR and VNR coaccumulated in focal(More)
Enhanced formation and accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGE's) have been proposed to play a major role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, aging, atherosclerosis, and Alzheimer disease leading to progressive and irreversible intermolecular protein crosslinkings. This process is accelerated in diabetes and has been postulated to(More)
Lovastatin is a potent competitive inhibitor of the rate-limiting enzyme of cholesterol synthesis, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (NADPH) [HMG-CoA reductase; (S)-mevalonate:NADP+ oxidoreductase (CoA-acylating), EC 1.1.1.34]. We determined the subcellular distribution of HMG-CoA reductase at high resolution by means of immunoelectron(More)
Enhanced formation and accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been proposed to play a major role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, and atherosclerosis, leading to the development of a range of diabetic complications including nephropathy, retinopathy and neuropathy. Several potential drug candidates as AGE inhibitors have(More)
Standardized assessment of islet quality is imperative for clinical islet transplantation. We have previously shown that the increment in oxygen consumption rate stimulated by glucose (DeltaOCR(glc)) can predict in vivo efficacy of islet transplantation in mice. To further evaluate the approach, we studied three factors: islet specificity, islet composition(More)
The chemokine receptors CCR5 and CXCR4 act synergistically with CD4 in an ordered multistep mechanism to allow the binding and entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The efficiency of such a coordinated mechanism depends on the spatial distribution of the participating molecules on the cell surface. Immunoelectron microscopy was performed to(More)
Insulin secretion and insulin action were studied in rats fed either a diet containing (as percent of calories) 66% fructose, 22% protein, and 12% fat, or standard rat chow (60% vegetable starch, 29% protein, 11% fat) for 7 days. Plasma glucose concentration following either an oral glucose or fructose load (180 mg/100 g body weight) were slightly higher in(More)
The 12-lipoxygenase (LO) pathway of arachidonic acid plays an important role in angiotensin II (AII)-mediated aldosterone synthesis. Several distinct isoforms of 12-LO have been cloned. However, in humans only the platelet form of 12-LO has been reported to be present. Western immunoblotting analysis in cultured human adrenal glomerulosa cells using(More)
The mechanisms responsible for the accelerated cardiovascular disease in diabetes, as well as the increased hypertrophic effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) under hyperglycemic conditions, are not very clear. We examined whether the culture of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) under hyperglycemic conditions to simulate the diabetic state can lead to(More)