Solomon Nwaka

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NATURE REVIEWS | DRUG DISCOVERY VOLUME 3 | JUNE 2004 | 509 Malaria remains one of the most important diseases of the developing world, killing 1–3 million people and causing disease in 300–500 million people annually. Most severe malaria is caused by the blood-borne APICOMPLEXAN parasite Plasmodium falciparum and occurs in children in sub-Saharan Africa.(More)
Lead discovery is currently a key bottleneck in the pipeline for much-needed novel drugs for tropical diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, African sleeping sickness, leishmaniasis and Chagas disease. Here, we discuss the different approaches to lead discovery for tropical diseases and emphasize a coordination strategy that involves highly integrated(More)
Major progress in studying the biology of schistosomes had been achieved since the late 1960s with the successful laboratory cultivation of the parasite's life cycle stages in the vertebrate (in vivo animal models) and snail hosts. This was followed by establishment of in vitro culture techniques for cultivation of the different life cycle stages to(More)
The increasing availability of genomic data for pathogens that cause tropical diseases has created new opportunities for drug discovery and development. However, if the potential of such data is to be fully exploited, the data must be effectively integrated and be easy to interrogate. Here, we discuss the development of the TDR Targets database(More)
BACKGROUND The increased sequencing of pathogen genomes and the subsequent availability of genome-scale functional datasets are expected to guide the experimental work necessary for target-based drug discovery. However, a major bottleneck in this has been the difficulty of capturing and integrating relevant information in an easily accessible format for(More)
The health status of the African population remains behind that of populations in Europe and North America, as well as many other developing regions with similar affluence (Figure S1). For example, Africa is especially affected by a series of infectious diseases that are responsible for more than half of its disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and over 6(More)
the development of new and affordable drugs. The few existing drugs often fail due to the emergence of resistance, have significant compliance and safety issues, or are inaccessible due to lack of affordability and/or appropriate infrastructure. The need to undertake appropriate drug R&D to redress this situation is massive (TABLE 1). Moreover, because of(More)
Choosing appropriate chemoprophylaxis and stand-by treatment for travelers will remain a problem for the near future because of resistant Plasmodium falciparum. For those who live in the malaria endemic regions of the world it is a matter of life and death, but the future looks bright for control of malaria because of the development of organizations like(More)
Despite increasing efforts and support for anti-malarial drug R&D, globally anti-malarial drug discovery and development remains largely uncoordinated and fragmented. The current window of opportunity for large scale funding of R&D into malaria is likely to narrow in the coming decade due to a contraction in available resources caused by the current(More)
Malaria is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas. The increasing prevalence of multi-drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum drives the ongoing need for the development of new antimalarial drugs. In this light, novel scaffolds to which the parasite has not been exposed are of particular interest. Recently, workers at the(More)