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BACKGROUND Obesity is an increasing concern in the United States. Effective prevention of obesity requires the risk factors to be well defined. African Americans have a high risk of obesity. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to identify risk factors, present at birth, for increased adiposity in adulthood in an African American population. DESIGN(More)
KEY WORDS • childhood blood pressure tracking adolescence • growth • weight • puberty • maturation O VER the last decade there has been increasing attention focused on the identification of the earliest possible period in the human life cycle when initial variation in blood pressure (BP) could provide clinically useful data for predicting adult risk of(More)
DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane), a pesticide once used widely in agriculture and now limited to public health use, remains a controversial chemical because of a combination of benefits and risks. DDT or its breakdown products are ubiquitous in the environment and in humans. Compounds in the DDT family have endocrine actions and have been associated(More)
This paper presents data on the extent to which blood pressure (BP) and growth status at 7 years of age are associated with BP, growth, and maturity status during adolescence. Two samples of black adolescents, namely, a representative sample (n = 562) stratified by sex and age (11 to 15 years) and a sample (n = 256) with supine BP over one standard(More)
Evidence exists documenting the relationship between maternal cigarette smoking and offspring criminal behavior. Although efforts to understand this relationship in a theoretical framework have only recently emerged, attempts made have been grounded in Moffitt's developmental taxonomy of antisocial behavior. Specifically, maternal cigarette smoking is(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is increasing in the United States. Evidence-based prevention is a public health priority and should target well-defined risk factors and critical periods. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that rapid weight gain during early infancy is associated with obesity in African American young adults, a group at increased risk of obesity. (More)
Results from twin studies in older children and adults indicate that there is significant genetic variance for blood pressure (BP). Utilizing date which were collected in 12 US university-affiliated hospitals in 1966-1973 in the Collaborative Perinatal Project (NCPP), the authors sought to determine if the effects of heredity on BP variability are apparent(More)
A physician survey was conducted in 13 counties surrounding Albany and Syracuse, N.Y., to determine estrogen prescribing patterns for treatment of problems associated with menopause. A case history of a 51-year-old woman was included in questionnaires sent to the physicians, who were asked how they would treat her in 1981 and how they would have treated her(More)