Solomon C. Y. Yu

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OBJECTIVES Sarcopenia is the loss of muscle mass and function seen with increasing age. Central to making the diagnosis of sarcopenia is the assessment of appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM). The objective of this study was to develop and validate novel anthropometric prediction equations (PEs) for ASM that would be useful in primary or aged care. (More)
OBJECTIVE To review the literature on epidemiology and postoperative outcomes particularly surgical, functional and quality of life of atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) in the older population (aged ≥65 years) using the first and second American Society of Bone Mineral Research (ASBMR) Task Force consensus definition. METHODS Electronic search for(More)
OBJECTIVES Sarcopenia is the presence of low muscle mass and poor physical function. We have developed an anthropometric prediction equation (PE). We compared the accuracy of our previously developed anthropometric prediction equation (PE) to dual absorptiometry x-ray (DXA) in predicting low muscle mass and sarcopenia. DESIGN Cross-sectional study design.(More)
Sarcopenia is a multi-faceted geriatric syndrome that is prevalent in the older population. It is an independent risk factor for a variety of devastating health outcomes that threaten the independence of older people. Quality of life is also very important to older people. The objective of this systematic review therefore was to determine the relationship(More)
There is a loss of lean body mass (LBM) with increasing age. A low LBM has been associated with increased adverse effects from prescribed medications such as chemotherapy. Accurate assessment of LBM may allow for more accurate drug prescribing. The aims of this study were to develop new prediction equations (PEs) for LBM with anthropometric and biochemical(More)
Sarcopenia is the age-related loss of muscle mass and strength. It has been receiving international attention because of its increased prevalence in western societies, such as Australia, which have large and growing older populations. Adverse health consequences of sarcopenia are falls and loss of independence, increased health costs and reduced quality of(More)
Sarcopenia, an age-related decline in muscle mass and function, is affecting the older population worldwide. Sarcopenia is associated with poor health outcomes, such as falls, disability, loss of independence, and mortality; however it is potentially treatable if recognized and intervened early. Over the last two decades, there has been significant(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcopenia is the presence of low muscle mass and low muscle function. The aim of this study was to establish cutoffs for low muscle mass using three published methods and to compare the prevalence of sarcopenia in older Australians. METHODS Gender specific cutoffs levels were identified for low muscle mass using three different methods. Low(More)
AIM   This paper describes the performance of 5th year medical students in multiple choice question (MCQ) examinations before and after a geriatric medicine teaching block. METHODS   A 30-question MCQ test was administered at the start and a 45-question one at the end of the course. RESULTS   There was a statistically significant improvement in the MCQ(More)
BACKGROUND This longitudinal study aims to describe the prevalence and characteristics associated with persistent risk of depression in a group of older, hospitalized patients. METHODS We examined patients at two time-points: baseline and one month post-discharge from hospital. Patients in this study comprised those who had been admitted to the cardiology(More)