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The "BH3-only" proteins of the BCL-2 family require "multidomain" proapoptotic members BAX and BAK to release cytochrome c from mitochondria and kill cells. We find short peptides representing the alpha-helical BH3 domains of BID or BIM are capable of inducing oligomerization of BAK and BAX to release cytochrome c. Another subset characterized by the BH3(More)
The mechanism during apoptosis by which cytochrome c is rapidly and completely released in the absence of mitochondrial swelling is uncertain. Here, we show that two distinct pathways are involved. One mediates release of cytochrome c across the outer mitochondrial membrane, and another, characterized in this study, is responsible for the redistribution of(More)
PURPOSE ERBB3 is overexpressed in a broad spectrum of human cancers, and its aberrant activation is associated with tumor pathogenesis and therapeutic resistance to various anticancer agents. Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) is the predominant ligand for ERBB3 and can promote the heterodimerization of ERBB3 with other ERBB family members, resulting in activation of(More)
Dysregulated fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling has been implicated in the pathogenesis of human cancers. Aberrant activation of FGF receptor 2 (FGFR2) signaling, through overexpression of FGFR2 and/or its ligands, mutations, and receptor amplification, has been found in a variety of human tumors. We generated monoclonal antibodies against the(More)
Tumor cells extensively utilize the pentose phosphate pathway for the synthesis of ribose. Transketolase is a key enzyme in this pathway and has been suggested as a target for inhibition in the treatment of cancer. In a pharmacodynamic study, nude mice with xenografted HCT-116 tumors were dosed with 1 ('N3'-pyridyl thiamine';(More)
Transketolase, a key enzyme in the pentose phosphate pathway, has been suggested as a target for inhibition in the treatment of cancer. Compound 5a ('N3'-pyridyl thiamine'; 3-(6-methyl-2-amino-pyridin-3-ylmethyl)-5-(2-hydroxy-ethyl)-4-methyl-thiazol-3-ium chloride hydrochloride), an analog of the transketolase cofactor thiamine, is a potent transketolase(More)
Saposin C binds to membranes to activate lipid degradation in lysosomes. To get insights into saposin C's function, we have determined its three-dimensional structure by NMR and investigated its interaction with phospholipid vesicles. Saposin C adopts the saposin-fold common to other members of the family. In contrast, the electrostatic surface revealed by(More)
198 Word count 5371 Tables and figures 6 References 50 on June 20, 2017. © 2015 American Association for Cancer Research. mct.aacrjournals.org Downloaded from Author manuscripts have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication but have not yet been edited. Author Manuscript Published OnlineFirst on May 20, 2015; DOI: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-14-1104
Dysregulation of Notch signaling has been implicated in the development of many different types of cancer. Notch inhibitors are being tested in the clinic, but in most cases gastrointestinal and other toxicities have limited the dosage and, therefore, the effectiveness of these therapies. Herein, we describe the generation of a monoclonal antibody against(More)
Purpose: ERBB3 is overexpressed in a broad spectrumof human cancers, and its aberrant activation is associated with tumor pathogenesis and therapeutic resistance to various anticancer agents. Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) is the predominant ligand for ERBB3 and can promote the heterodimerization of ERBB3 with other ERBB family members, resulting in activation of(More)