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In this study, primary cultures of cerebellar granule neurons were prepared from eight-day-old Wistar rats, and maintained in an appropriate medium containing a high (25 mM) concentration of KCl. All experiments were performed with fully differentiated neurons (eight days). To induce apoptosis, culture medium was replaced with a serum-free medium(More)
Changes with age in responses to stress of certain central monoaminergic systems were investigated. Three groups of rats, 4, 18 and 29 months old, were exposed to cold and the effect of this stress on hypothalamic tyrosine hydroxylase, and on the metabolism of DA and 5HT in different brain regions was evaluated. Senescent rats were unable for several hours(More)
L-DOPA is believed to be decarboxylated by the residual striatal dopaminergic presynaptic terminals with formation of the putative neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) and with increased availability of DA at post-synaptic receptors. However there is no direct evidence that the DA formed is released into the synaptic cleft. We therefore investigated the(More)
Two different aspects of learning (spatial and nonspatial) and two different types of memory (reference and working) were simultaneously measured in populations of 3- (young), 11- (adult), and 25-month-old (aged) rats fed ad libitum either a standard (ST) or a hypocaloric (HY) diet. All groups, regardless of age or diet, showed ability in learning all four(More)
Aged (24 months), adult (12 months), and young (4 months) rats kept on standard or hypocaloric diets from the age of three weeks old were tested in a range of behavioral tests to determine the effects of aging on sensory-motor and cognitive behavior and to assess whether such effects were prevented by life-long calorie restriction. An age-related(More)
1. Dopamine, serotonin and, in lesser amounts, norepinephrine were detected in Dugesia gonocephala using electrochemical detection coupled with liquid chromatography (LCED). 2. Treatment with L-dopa induced hyperkinesias, and a rise in dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine content, whereas reserpine reduced motor activity and the concentrations of all(More)
Differential pulse voltammetry with carbon fiber electrodes was used to study serotonin (5-HT) metabolism in freely moving rats. The electrodes implanted in the striatum recorded the extracellular 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) oxidation peak after oral tryptophan (150 mg/kg). This 5-HT precursor did not modify the 5-HIAA peak in any rat tested, but it(More)
Mice of the C57BL/6 (C57) and DBA/2 (DBA) strains were introduced individually in an unfamiliar environment (a large cage where food, water and sawdust had been removed). Over a 90-min period of observation, both strains presented a time-dependent decrease of locomotion and leaning and an increase of grooming. C57 mice were characterized by more cage cover(More)
Serotonin (5-HT)-dopamine (DA) interaction was studied in the caudate nucleus after electrical stimulation of the dorsal raphe (DR), an area containing 5-HT cell bodies and sending afferences to nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. The DR was stimulated by means of a bipolar stainless steel electrode for 16 min (10 Hz, 0.6 ms, 200 microA). 5-HT and DA(More)