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A proteomic approach including two-dimensional electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF analysis has been developed to identify the soluble proteins of the unicellular photosynthetic algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. We first described the partial 2D-picture of soluble proteome obtained from whole cells grown on acetate. Then we studied the effects of the exposure of(More)
Glutathionylation, the reversible post-translational formation of a mixed disulfide between a cysteine residue and glutathione (GSH), is a crucial mechanism for signal transduction and regulation of protein function. Until now this reversible redox modification was studied mainly in eukaryotic cells. Here we report a large-scale proteomic analysis of(More)
In a continuing effort to analyze the selectivity/redundancy of the three glutaredoxin (Grx) enzymes of the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC6803, we have characterized an enzyme system that plays a crucial role in protection against two toxic metal pollutants, mercury and uranium. The present data show that Grx1 (Slr1562 in CyanoBase) selectively(More)
Mechanosensitive channels are detected in all cells and are speculated to play a key role in many functions including osmoregulation, growth, hearing, balance, and touch. In prokaryotic cells, a direct gating of mechanosensitive channels by membrane tension was clearly demonstrated because the purified channels could be functionally reconstituted in a lipid(More)
Exposure of sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes to 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) resulted in inhibition of the maximal ATPase activity and Ca(2+) transport ability of SERCA1a, the Ca(2+) pump in these membranes. The concomitant presence of ATP significantly protected SERCA1a ATPase activity from inhibition. ATP binding and phosphoenzyme formation from ATP were(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously reported that SASH1 expression is increased in circulating human monocytes from smokers and was positively correlated with the number of carotid atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of this study was to further validate the link between smoking, SASH1 and atherosclerosis within the vascular wall and to assess the impact of SASH1(More)
The eight pre- or/and post-synaptic metabotropic glutamatergic receptors (mGluRs) modulate rapid excitatory transmission sustained by ionotropic receptors. They are classified in three families according to their percentage of sequence identity and their pharmacological properties. mGluR4 belongs to group III and is mainly localized presynaptically.(More)
This study was conducted to establish a new methodology for evaluating elements of dermal extracellular matrix (ECM), of epidermal-dermal junction (EDJ), and effects of molecules which can modulate their synthesis. This methodology is based on matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometric imaging (MALDI-MSI). In vivo reflectance confocal(More)
Egr1 (Zif268) is an immediate early gene encoding an inducible transcription factor involved in synaptic plasticity and several forms of memory in rodents. Using 2-DE and MS, we compared proteomes of hippocampal subregions and cortex in Egr1-deficient and wild-type littermates. Two significant differences were identified: a shift in the pI of the molecular(More)