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BACKGROUND The epidemiology of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) varies considerably worldwide, but we have lacked reliable quantitative estimates of trends in the incidence by age, sex and cause in Europe over the last decade. METHODS We analysed data from nine countries participating in the ERA-EDTA registry: Austria,(More)
OBJECTIVE The inhalation of radon, a well-established human carcinogen, is the principal-and omnipresent-source of radioactivity exposure for the general population of most countries. Scientists have thus sought to assess the lung cancer risk associated with indoor radon. Our aim here is to assess this risk in France, using all available epidemiologic(More)
This study was undertaken to evaluate the ecological association between terrestrial and cosmic gamma radiation, indoor radon, and acute leukemia incidence among children under 15 y of age. From 1990 to 2001, 5,330 cases of acute leukemia were registered by the French National Registry of Childhood Leukemia and Lymphoma. Exposure to terrestrial gamma(More)
A case-control study nested in the cohort of French uranium miners took smoking information into account in investigating the effect of radon exposure on lung cancer risk. This study included 100 miners who died of lung cancer and 500 controls matched for birth period and attained age. Data about radon exposure came from the cohort study, and smoking(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing incidence and mortality rates from cutaneous melanoma are a major public health concern. As part of a national effort to enhance early detection of melanoma/skin cancer, the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) has sponsored an annual education and early detection program that couples provision of skin cancer information to the(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the ecological association between indoor radon concentration and acute leukaemia incidence among children under 15 years of age in the 348 geographical units (zones d'emploi, ZE) of France between 1990 and 1998. During that period, 4015 cases were registered by the French National Registry of Childhood Leukaemia(More)
The nipple and surrounding area, like other areas of skin, are subject to irritation, inflammation, and infection. Twenty women with persistent sore nipples were first seen by a lactation consultant and later referred to a dermatologist. The dermatologist successfully treated 18 of the 20 mothers. A lactation consultant should be able to identify those(More)
Indoor radon concentrations are subject to seasonal variation with a maximum in winter and a minimum in summer. Procedures to correct for seasonal variation are necessary in order to get an unbiased estimate of the annual average radon concentration from data based on short-period radon measurements. To obtain correction factors, we apply the model(More)
BACKGROUND There seems to be a consensus that family influences on dietary habits are important. However, no data relative to breakfast have been published yet. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether and how breakfast energy intake aggregates within French families. DESIGN A total of 398 families of the Stanislas Family Study who filled in a 3 day food(More)
In France, natural sources account for most of the population exposure to ionising radiation. This exposure varies widely with area. Radon and gamma-ray exposure data come from national measurement campaigns; cosmic doses were calculated from city altitude. These data were corrected for season of measurement, housing characteristics and population density(More)