Soledad Moreno

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Transcription of the Azotobacter vinelandii algD gene, which encodes GDP-mannose dehydrogenase (the rate-limiting enzyme of alginate synthesis), starts from three sites: p1, p2, and p3. The sensor kinase GacS, a member of the two-component regulatory system, is required for transcription of algD from its three sites during the stationary phase. Here we show(More)
Alginate is an industrially relevant linear copolymer composed of β-1,4-linked D-mannuronic acid and its C-5 epimer L-guluronic acid. The rheological and gel-forming properties of alginates depend on the molecular weight and the relative content of the two monomers. Alginate produced by Azotobacter vinelandii was shown to be degraded towards the end of the(More)
Azotobacter vinelandii produces two polymers: the extracellular polysaccharide alginate and the intracellular polyester poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB). A cosmid clone (pSMU588) from an A. vinelandii gene library diminished alginate production by A. vinelandii mucoid strain ATCC 9046. The nucleotide sequence and predicted amino acid sequence of the locus(More)
Alginate is essential for encystment in Azotobacter vinelandii. Transcription of the algD gene, which codes for GDP-mannose dehydrogenase, a key enzyme in the alginate biosynthetic pathway, is initiated at two promoters, one of which, p2, has sigmaE consensus sequences. AlgU is the A. vinelandii alternative sigmaE factor. In this study, we constructed an(More)
Azotobacter vinelandii presents a differentiation process leading to the formation of desiccation-resistant cysts. Alginate, the exopolysaccharide produced by this bacterium, has been postulated to have a role in cyst formation. Here, we report the cloning and characterization of the A. vinelandii gene coding for the enzyme GDP-mannose dehydrogenase (algD),(More)
The transcription of genes involved in alginate polymerization and depolymerization, as well as the alginase activity (extracellular and intracellular) under oxygen-limited and non oxygen-limited conditions in cultures of A. vinelandii, was studied. Two levels of dissolved oxygen tension (DOT) (1% and 5%, oxygen-limited and non-oxygen-limited, respectively)(More)
Transcription of the Azotobacter vinelandii algD gene, which encodes GDP-mannose dehydrogenase (the rate-limiting enzyme of alginate synthesis), starts from three sites: p1, p2, and p3. The sensor kinase GacS, a member of the two-component regulatory system, is required for transcription of algD from its three sites during the stationary phase. Here we show(More)
An Azotobacter vinelandii mutant lacking alginate-lyase (SML2) and the wild type (ATCC 9046) were used to discriminate between the roles of the polymerase complex and alginate-lyase in the synthesis of alginate in cultures conducted under controlled dissolved oxygen tension (DOT). To avoid the presence of pre-synthesized alginates, all cultures were(More)
Azotobacter vinelandii forms desiccation-resistant cysts which contain a high proportion of the exopolysaccharide alginate in their envelope. We have previously shown that the A. vinelandii alginate biosynthetic genes algA and algL are transcribed from a promoter located somewhere upstream of algL. In this study we sequenced the A. vinelandii algX, algL,(More)
In Azotobacter vinelandii, a cyst-forming bacterium, the alternative sigma factor RpoS is essential to the formation of cysts resistant to desiccation and to synthesis of the cyst-specific lipids, alkylresorcinols. In this study, we carried out a proteome analysis of vegetative cells and cysts of A. vinelandii strain AEIV and its rpoS mutant derivative(More)