Solange Rios Salomão

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The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of 87 index cases with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) sequentially diagnosed in Italy, including an extremely large Brazilian family of Italian maternal ancestry, was evaluated in detail. Only seven pairs and three triplets of identical haplotypes were observed, attesting that the large majority of the LHON mutations(More)
Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is due primarily to one of three common point mutations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), but the incomplete penetrance implicates additional genetic or environmental factors in the pathophysiology of the disorder. Both the 11778G-->A and 14484T-->C LHON mutations are preferentially found on a specific mtDNA genetic(More)
Mitochondrial optic neuropathies, that is, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy and dominant optic atrophy, selectively affect retinal ganglion cells, causing visual loss with relatively preserved pupillary light reflex. The mammalian eye contains a light detection system based on a subset of retinal ganglion cells containing the photopigment melanopsin. These(More)
PURPOSE To conduct systematic epidemiologic, neuro-ophthalmologic, psychophysical, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genetic examinations on a newly identified pedigree with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). DESIGN Observational population cohort study. METHODS A prospective investigation of an entire Brazilian LHON family. SETTING A field(More)
PURPOSE Investigate prevalence and causes of vision impairment/blindness in older adults in a low-middle income area of Sao Paulo, Brazil. METHODS Cluster sampling, based on geographically defined census sectors, was used in randomly selecting cross-sectionally persons 50 years of age or older. Subjects were enumerated through a door-to-door survey and(More)
PURPOSE Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), a mitochondrial disease, has clinical manifestations that reflect the initial preferential involvement of the papillomacular bundle (PMB). The present study seeks to predict the order of axonal loss in LHON optic nerves using the Nerve Fiber Layer Stress Index (NFL-S(I)), which is a novel mathematical(More)
PURPOSE To investigate by optical coherence tomography (OCT) the topographic pattern and temporal sequence of fiber loss in the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) of patients with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) in a longitudinal follow-up. DESIGN Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS Six eyes of 4 patients with molecularly defined LHON were(More)
PURPOSE To determine population age norms in the first three years of life for binocular and monocular grating visual acuity (VA) obtained with Vistech-Teller Acuity Cards (TAC). METHODS TAC was used to estimate grating acuity in 646 healthy infants and children born at due date +/- 2 weeks, all of whom underwent ophthalmologic and orthoptic evaluation.(More)
Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally inherited blinding disease caused by missense mutations in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). However, incomplete penetrance and a predominance of male patients presenting with vision loss suggest that modifying factors play an important role in the development of the disease. Evidence from several(More)
Our purpose is to provide a summary overview of blindness and visual impairment on the context of recent Brazilian ocular epidemiologic studies. Synthesis of data from two cross-sectional population-based studies - the São Paulo Eye Study and the Refractive Error in School Children Study is presented. 3678 older adults and 2441 school children were examined(More)