Solange Cristina Garcia

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During the perinatal period, the central nervous system (CNS) is extremely sensitive to metals, including methylmercury (MeHg). Although the mechanism(s) associated with MeHg-induced developmental neurotoxicity remains obscure, several studies point to the glutathione (GSH) antioxidant system as an important molecular target for this toxicant. To extend our(More)
BACKGROUND Malondialdehyde (MDA) is one of the better-known secondary products of lipid peroxidation, and it is widely used as an indicator of cellular injury. The employment of the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) technique to measure MDA has received criticism over the years because of its lack of specificity. Thus, a specific and reliable(More)
Increased risk of hypertension after methylmercury (MeHg) exposure has been suggested. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well explored. In this paper, we have analyzed whether sub-chronic exposure to MeHg increases systolic blood pressure even at very low levels. In addition, we analyzed if the methylmercury-induced hypertension is associated with(More)
Extracts of Citrus aurantium L. (Rutaceae) unripe fruits have gained popularity for the treatment of obesity. Due to the wide use of C. aurantium/p-synephrine-containing products, this research was undertaken to evaluate its subchronic toxicity in mice and their actions in oxidative stress biomarkers. Groups of 9-10 mice received for 28 consecutive days a(More)
We have previously demonstrated that acute hyperhomocysteinemia induces oxidative stress in rat brain. In the present study, we initially investigated the effect of chronic hyperhomocysteinemia on some parameters of oxidative damage, namely total radical-trapping antioxidant potential and activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and(More)
Dietary supplements containing bitter orange unripe fruit extract/p-synephrine are consumed worldwide for lose weight. This study were conducted to determine the concentration of p-synephrine in unripe fruits and leaves from Citrus aurantium Lin, C. sinensis Osbeck, C. deliciosa Ten, C. limon Burm and C. limonia Osbeck, collected in Southern Brazil, and to(More)
This study was designed to assess possible associations between biomarkers of mercury (Hg) exposure and oxidative stress in fish-eating Amazonian communities. Clinical samples were obtained from riparians living in the Brazilian Amazon. Biomarkers of oxidative stress (glutathione - GSH, glutathione peroxidase - GSH-Px, catalase - CAT, activity and(More)
Homocystinuria is an inherited disorder biochemically characterized by high urinary excretion of homocystine and increased levels of homocysteine (Hcy) and methionine in biological fluids. Affected patients usually have a variety of clinical and pathologic manifestations. Previous experimental data have shown a relationship between Hcy and oxidative stress,(More)
Methylmercury (MeHg) toxicity may vary widely despite similar levels of exposure. This is hypothetically related to genetic differences in enzymes metabolizing MeHg. MeHg causes oxidative stress in experimental models but little is known about its effects on humans. The aims of the present study was to evaluate the effects of polymorphisms in glutathione(More)
Reactive oxygen species are implicated as mediators of tissue damage in the acute renal failure induced by inorganic mercury. Astaxanthin (ASX), a carotenoid with potent antioxidant properties, exists naturally in various plants, algae, and seafoods. This paper evaluated the ability of ASX to prevent HgCl(2) nephrotoxicity. Rats were injected with HgCl(2)(More)