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Power spectrum analysis of heart rate fluctuations provides a quantitative noninvasive means of assessing the functioning of the short-term cardiovascular control systems. We show that sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous activity make frequency-specific contributions to the heart rate power spectrum, and that renin-angiotensin system activity strongly(More)
Partial injury to the spinal cord can propagate itself, sometimes leading to paralysis attributable to degeneration of initially undamaged neurons. We demonstrated recently that autoimmune T cells directed against the CNS antigen myelin basic protein (MBP) reduce degeneration after optic nerve crush injury in rats. Here we show that not only transfer of T(More)
Spinal cord injury and its devastating consequences are the subject of intensive research aimed at reversing or at least minimizing functional loss. Research efforts focus on either attenuating the post-injury spread of damage (secondary degeneration) or inducing some regeneration. In most of these studies, as well as in clinical situations, evaluation of(More)
OBJECTIVE The use of an efficient noninvasive method to investigate the autonomic nervous system and cardiovascular control during sleep. BACKGROUND Beat-to-beat heart rate variability displays two main components: a low-frequency (LF) one representing sympathetic and parasympathetic influence and a high-frequency (HF) component of parasympathetic origin.(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) is known to elicit activation of the autonomic nervous system. Reperfusion, induced by thrombolysis, is thus expected to bring about a shift in the balance between the sympathetic and vagal systems, according to the infarct location. In this study, we explored the correlation between reperfusion and the spectral components of(More)
Injury-induced self-destructive processes cause significant functional loss after incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). Cellular elements of both the innate (macrophage) and the adaptive (T-cell) immune response can, if properly activated and controlled, promote post-traumatic regrowth and protection after SCI. Dendritic cells (DCs) trigger activation of(More)
The aim of this study was quantify the ECG Derived Respiration (EDR) in order to extend the capabilities of ECG-based sleep analysis. We examined our results in normal subjects and in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) or Central Sleep Apnea. Lead 2 ECG and three measures of respiration (thorax and abdominal effort, and oronasal flow(More)
Closed head injury often has a devastating outcome, partly because the insult, like other injuries to the central nervous system (CNS), triggers self-destructive processes. During studies of the response to other CNS insults, it was unexpectedly discovered that the immune system, if well controlled, provides protection against self-destructive activities.(More)
The function of the adaptive immune response against exogenous (non-self) agents is to help the innate arm of the immune system (represented by phagocytic cells) to fight and eliminate these agents. We suggest that the body also protects itself against potentially harmful self components using mechanisms similar to those used for fighting and eliminating(More)