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Power spectrum analysis of heart rate fluctuations provides a quantitative noninvasive means of assessing the functioning of the short-term cardiovascular control systems. We show that sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous activity make frequency-specific contributions to the heart rate power spectrum, and that renin-angiotensin system activity strongly(More)
Partial injury to the spinal cord can propagate itself, sometimes leading to paralysis attributable to degeneration of initially undamaged neurons. We demonstrated recently that autoimmune T cells directed against the CNS antigen myelin basic protein (MBP) reduce degeneration after optic nerve crush injury in rats. Here we show that not only transfer of T(More)
Spinal cord injury and its devastating consequences are the subject of intensive research aimed at reversing or at least minimizing functional loss. Research efforts focus on either attenuating the post-injury spread of damage (secondary degeneration) or inducing some regeneration. In most of these studies, as well as in clinical situations, evaluation of(More)
OBJECTIVE The use of an efficient noninvasive method to investigate the autonomic nervous system and cardiovascular control during sleep. BACKGROUND Beat-to-beat heart rate variability displays two main components: a low-frequency (LF) one representing sympathetic and parasympathetic influence and a high-frequency (HF) component of parasympathetic origin.(More)
Injury-induced self-destructive processes cause significant functional loss after incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). Cellular elements of both the innate (macrophage) and the adaptive (T-cell) immune response can, if properly activated and controlled, promote post-traumatic regrowth and protection after SCI. Dendritic cells (DCs) trigger activation of(More)
The aim of this study was quantify the ECG Derived Respiration (EDR) in order to extend the capabilities of ECG-based sleep analysis. We examined our results in normal subjects and in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) or Central Sleep Apnea. Lead 2 ECG and three measures of respiration (thorax and abdominal effort, and oronasal flow(More)
Closed head injury often has a devastating outcome, partly because the insult, like other injuries to the central nervous system (CNS), triggers self-destructive processes. During studies of the response to other CNS insults, it was unexpectedly discovered that the immune system, if well controlled, provides protection against self-destructive activities.(More)
The Selective Discrete Fourier transform (DFT) Algorithm [SDA] method for the calculation and display of time-frequency distribution has been developed and validated. For each time and frequency, the algorithm selects the shortest required trace length and calculates the corresponding spectral component by means of DFT. This approach can be extended to any(More)
Autonomic function during sleep and wakefulness has been extensively investigated, however information concerning autonomic changes during the wake to sleep transition is scarce. The objective of the present study was to non-invasively characterize autonomic function and additional physiologic changes during sleep onset in normal and abnormal sleep. The(More)