Sokratis Sklavos

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Oculomotor-plant dynamics are not well characterised, despite their importance for modelling eye-movement control. We analysed the time course of the globe's return after horizontal displacements in three rhesus monkeys lightly anaesthetised with ketamine. The eye-position traces were well fitted by a sum of four exponentials (time constants 0.012, 0.099,(More)
Alexander's law states that the amplitude of the spontaneous nystagmus grows with increasing gaze in the direction of the fast phase. Using the search-coil method we employed head impulses at various eye-in-orbit azimuth angles to test (i) whether the normal vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in the behaviorally relevant high-frequency range has intrinsic(More)
Despite their importance for deciphering oculomotor commands, the mechanics of the extraocular muscles and orbital tissues (oculomotor plant) are poorly understood. In particular, the significance of plant nonlinearities is uncertain. Here primate plant dynamics were investigated by measuring the eye movements produced by stimulating the abducens nucleus(More)
Shifting the direction of the line of sight in everyday life often involves rotations not only of the eyes and head but also of the trunk. Here, we investigated covariation patterns of eye-in-orbit, head-on-trunk and trunk-in-space angular horizontal displacements during whole-body rotations to targets of up to 180 degrees eccentricity performed by standing(More)
Large gaze displacements are mediated by combined motion of the eye, head, trunk, and foot. We applied principal component analysis (PCA) to examine the degree of variability and linearity in the angular velocity pattern of the various segments involved that participate in this task. Ten normal subjects stood up and had to visually fixate and realign their(More)
Large reorientations of the line of sight, involving combined rotations of the eyes, head, trunk and lower extremities, are executed either as fast single-step or as slow multiple-step gaze transfers. In order to obtain more insight into the mechanisms of gaze and multisegmental movement control, we have investigated time-optimal gaze shifts (i.e. with the(More)
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