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Synchronous oscillations of thousands of cellular clocks in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the circadian centre, are coordinated by precisely timed cell-cell communication, the principle of which is largely unknown. Here we show that the amount of RGS16 (regulator of G protein signalling 16), a protein known to inactivate Gαi, increases at a selective(More)
OBJECTIVE Trastuzumab has been used for the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer (BC). However, a subset of BC patients exhibited resistance to trastuzumab therapy. Thus, clarifying the molecular mechanism of trastuzumab treatment will be beneficial to improve the treatment of HER2-positive BC patients. In this study, we identified(More)
Over the last decade, DNA microarray technology has provided a great contribution to the life sciences. The MicroArray Quality Control (MAQC) project demonstrated the way to analyze the expression microarray. Recently, microarray technology has been utilized to analyze a comprehensive microRNA expression profiling. Currently, several platforms of microRNA(More)
OBJECTIVE Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is difficult to manage due to the high frequency of post-surgical recurrence. Early detection of the HCC recurrence after liver resection is important in making further therapeutic options, such as salvage liver transplantation. In this study, we utilized microRNA expression profiling to assess the risk of HCC(More)
Junctional membrane complexes (JMCs) generated by junctophilins are required for Ca(2+)-mediated communication between cell-surface and intracellular channels in excitable cells. Knockout mice lacking neural junctophilins (JP-DKO) show severe motor defects and irregular cerebellar plasticity due to abolished channel crosstalk in Purkinje cells (PCs). To(More)
MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNA species, some of which are playing important roles in cell differentiation. However, the level of participations of microRNAs in epithelial cell differentiation is largely unknown. Here, utilizing an epithelial differentiation model with T84 cells, we demonstrate that miR-338-3p and miR-451 contribute to the formation of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Although the advent of ultra-deep sequencing technology allows for the analysis of heretofore-undetectable minor viral mutants, a limited amount of information is currently available regarding the clinical implications of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomic heterogeneity. METHODS To characterize the HBV genetic heterogeneity in association(More)
G-CSF is a hemopoietic growth factor involved in granulocytic differentiation of progenitor cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of PGE2 on G-CSF production in murine peritoneal neutrophils in vitro and in vivo. PGE2 augmented LPS-primed G-CSF release from peritoneal neutrophils. This augmentation was mimicked by a type E prostanoid receptor(More)
The ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH) plays an important role in feeding and energy homeostasis. Electroconvulsive seizure (ECS) therapy is highly effective in the treatment of several psychiatric diseases, including depression, but may also have beneficial effects in other neurological diseases. Although it has been reported that the neurons(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) have long been known to play roles in various processes of female reproduction; however , the molecular mechanisms therein remained unsolved until recently. This review summarizes the recent progress towards understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying PG actions in fertilization and parturition. A series of studies using(More)