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BACKGROUND The influence of age and sex on the distribution of abdominal adipose tissue for a given waist circumference (WC) is unclear. OBJECTIVE The objective was to investigate the influence of age and sex on total (TAAT), visceral (VAT), and abdominal subcutaneous (ASAT) adipose tissue for a given WC. DESIGN Body composition was assessed by(More)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been associated with a state of chronic low-grade inflammation. We examined the effect of exercise without weight loss on circulating inflammatory biomarkers in previously sedentary lean men and obese men with and without T2DM. Middle-aged men (8 lean, 8 obese, and 8 obese with T2DM) performed 60 minutes of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between vitamin D status, total and abdominal adiposity, and lipids in black and white children. METHODS Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], adiposity [body mass index (BMI), percentage of total body fat, visceral adipose tissue (VAT), sc adipose tissue (SAT)], and fasting lipids were(More)
It is unclear whether chronic exercise without caloric restriction or weight loss is a useful strategy for obesity reduction in obese men with and without Type 2 diabetes (T2D). We examined the effects of exercise without weight loss on total and regional adiposity and skeletal muscle mass and composition in lean men and in obese men with and without T2D.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate 1) whether adiponectin is associated with insulin sensitivity independent of visceral adipose tissue in African-American and Caucasian youth and 2) whether adiponectin is associated with racial differences in insulin sensitivity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Total body fat was measured by dual-energy(More)
BACKGROUND Authorities advocate that resistance and aerobic exercise are essential for reducing risk factors for chronic disease and disability in older adults. However, the incremental effects of combined resistance and aerobic exercise compared with either modality alone on risk factors for disease and disability is generally unknown. METHODS(More)
The optimal exercise modality for reductions of abdominal obesity and risk factors for type 2 diabetes in youth is unknown. We examined the effects of aerobic exercise (AE) versus resistance exercise (RE) without caloric restriction on abdominal adiposity, ectopic fat, and insulin sensitivity and secretion in youth. Forty-five obese adolescent boys were(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome using different pediatric definitions reported in the literature and its relationship to abdominal adipose tissue (AT), in vivo insulin resistance, and inflammatory biomarkers in children and adolescents, as well as the utility of fasting insulin and adiponectin as predictors of the metabolic(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined the influence of race and gender on abdominal adipose tissue (AT) distribution for a given anthropometric measure including waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and waist-to-height (W/Ht) in youth. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Subjects included healthy 62 black and 98 white youth. A single transverse image of the abdomen(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are considered pre-diabetes states. There are limited data in pediatrics in regard to their pathophysiology. We investigated differences in insulin sensitivity and secretion among youth with IFG, IGT, and coexistent IFG/IGT compared with those with normal glucose tolerance (NGT)(More)