Sojun Kanamaru

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PURPOSE Many virulence factors (VFs) have been reported in uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Recently we found a putative uropathogenic island including a gene encoding uropathogenic specific protein (USP). We have described the association between usp and other VFs reported previously. In the current study we examined epidemiological associations among 5(More)
The genetic and serological characteristics of Escherichia coli isolates from patients with uncomplicated cystitis (UC), complicated cystitis (CC), and complicated asymptomatic bacteriuria (CASB) were determined. Phylogenetic group B2 was predominant in all categories. The prevalences of 14 out of 18 virulence factor genes were similar among the three(More)
UNLABELLED In 1982, our group carried out a survey by the questionnaires and on the site medical check-ups to observe and occurrence of asthma and other allergic symptoms in elementary and junior high school children in Izu Ohshima island. Same procedure was repeated in 1990 for 1145 children of the same age group to see any data fluctuation. The occurrence(More)
BACKGROUND Phylogenetic analysis has been used widely to characterize extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli in molecular epidemiological studies. We have recently reported a putative pathogenicity island (PAI), carrying uropathogenic-specific protein (usp) and a unique mosaic structure of small open reading frames following usp, providing four(More)
This study was conducted by the Japanese Society of Chemotherapy and is the first nationwide study on bacterial pathogens isolated from patients with urinary tract infections at 28 hospitals throughout Japan between January 2008 and June 2008. A total of 688 bacterial strains were isolated from adult patients with urinary tract infections. The strains(More)
PURPOSE We investigated whether addition of amikacin to levofloxacin-based antimicrobial prophylaxis reduces febrile urinary tract infections after transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy (TRUSB). MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 447 patients undergoing TRUSB were prospectively randomized into two groups. The 230 patients in Group A were(More)
Since there are few published reports regarding the impact of urologic surgery on perioperative infections, an epidemiologic analysis was performed on data from 1,156 open or laparoscopic operations in urology collected by the 21 hospitals participating in this study between September 2002 and August 2003. Prophylactic antibiotics were administered(More)
Using crystal violet binding assay, we examined the potential for biofilm formation in 194, 76 and 107 isolates from urine of patients with uncomplicated acute cystitis, pyelonephritis and prostatitis, respectively. The prostatitis isolates showed significantly higher optical density (OD) values compared with cystitis and pyelonephritis isolates (OD(540):(More)
Ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome is a paraneoplastic syndrome associated with small cell carcinoma. However, ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome is rare in association with small cell carcinoma of the bladder. We report what we believe to be the first case of ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome associated with small cell(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to assess the usability and efficacy of our new protocol of prophylactic antibiotic use to prevent perioperative infection in urological surgery. METHODS We prospectively investigated 339 cases of typical urological surgery in our department between April 2001 and March 2002 (group I). We classified surgical(More)