Sojin Shikano

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Membrane proteins represent approximately 30% of the proteome in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The spatial localization of membrane-bound proteins is often determined by specific sequence motifs that may be regulated in response to physiological changes, such as protein interactions and receptor signalling. Identification of signalling motifs is(More)
The pore-forming subunit of the large-conductance Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) (Slo1) channel is encoded by one gene. However, the functional properties of Slo1 channels are diverse in part because of their numerous regulatory mechanisms including posttranslational modification and alternative splicing. In particular, multiple splice variants of the pore-forming(More)
The density and composition of cell surface proteins are major determinants for cellular functions. Regulation of cell surface molecules occurs at several levels, including the efficiency of surface transport, and is therefore of great interest. As the major phosphoprotein-binding modules, 14-3-3 proteins are known for their crucial roles in a wide range of(More)
Membrane trafficking is dictated by dynamic molecular interactions involving discrete determinants in the cargo proteins and the intracellular transport machineries. We have previously reported that cell surface expression of GPR15, a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that serves as a co-receptor for HIV, is correlated with the mode III binding of 14-3-3(More)
Amino and carboxyl termini are unique positions in a polypeptide. They tend to be exposed in folded three dimensional structures. Diversity and functional significance of C-terminal sequences have been appreciated from studies of PDZ and PEX domains. Signaling 14-3-3 protein signaling by recognizing phosphorylated peptides plays a critical role in a variety(More)
The generic membrane trafficking signals of internal RXR and carboxyl-terminal KKXX motifs direct intracellular endoplasmic reticulum (ER) localization of the signal-bearing proteins. These signaling motifs play a critical role in partitioning proteins into designated subcellular compartments by functioning as an intracellular "zip code." In the process of(More)
The carboxylated (C)-terminus of proteins, which includes the single terminal alpha-carboxyl group and preceding residues, is uniquely positioned to serve as a recognition signature for a variety of cell-biological processes, including protein targeting, subcellular anchoring and the static and dynamic formation of macromolecular complexes. The terminal(More)
Membrane proteins represent approximately 30% of the proteome of both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Unique to cell surface receptors is their biogenesis pathway, which involves vesicular trafficking from the endoplasmic reticulum through the Golgi apparatus and to the cell surface. Increasing evidence suggests specific regulation of biogenesis for different(More)
Dimeric 14-3-3 proteins exert diverse functions in eukaryotes by binding to specific phosphorylated sites on diverse target proteins. Critical to the physiological function of 14-3-3 proteins is the wide range of binding affinity to different ligands. The existing information of binding affinity is mainly derived from nonhomogeneous-based methods such as(More)