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Voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs) in sensory neurones are tonically up-regulated via Ras/extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) signalling. The presence of putative ERK consensus sites within the intracellular loop linking domains I and II of neuronal N-type (Ca(v)2.2) calcium channels and all four neuronal calcium channel beta subunits(More)
Inflammation was induced in the 6-day-old rat air pouch by injection of carrageenan. The model was characterized in terms of exudate volume, leucocyte influx, cell free protein, prostaglandin E2 levels, and granuloma formation. The time course of all these inflammatory markers, except prostaglandin E2, showed a 3-hr lag followed by a rapid increase to 8 hr.(More)
PURPOSE To quantify the advantage gained by direct administration to a target site for two non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) piroxicam and diclofenac in the rat air pouch model of inflammation. To derive a model relating drug targeting index (DTI) to the pharmacokinetic parameters of the target and systemic sites, and to compare predictions(More)
Increased systemic acid intake is associated with an increase in apical Na/H exchange in the renal proximal tubule mediated by the type 3 Na/H exchanger (NHE3). Because NHE3 mediates both proton secretion and Na absorption, increased NHE3 activity could inappropriately perturb Na balance unless there are compensatory changes in Na handling. In this study,(More)
PURPOSE To determine the permeability characteristics of the rat air pouch model of inflammation using permeability extremes within which the NSAIDs S[+] ibuprofen, piroxicam and diclofenac could be evaluated. METHODS Permeability was calculated using concentration data obtained following intrapouch and intravenous administration of [3H]-water,(More)
We have used the rat air pouch model of inflammation and S(+)ibuprofen as an experimental model system to enable the quantitative assessment of the pharmacokinetic determinants of site specific drug delivery. S(+)ibuprofen (50 & 1mg/kg) was administered directly into six day old air pouches immediately following the injection of the irritant carrageenan.(More)
Intestinal permeability was investigated as an alternative to intestinal ulceration for measuring nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) gut damage in the rat and developed as a method for routine measurement. NSAID dose-response curves produced using the two indices of damage showed that intestinal permeability is as sensitive and reproducible as(More)
Two-dimensional multiple-quantum magic angle spinning (MQMAS) NMR and MAS NMR of 11B at various magnetic fields, were applied to elucidate the structure of vitreous (glassy) boron trioxide (v-B2O3), vitreous boron trisulfide (v-B2S3) and crystalline boron trisulfide (c-B2S3). These techniques, when combined with computer simulations of the resulting(More)
1. Rats received intravenous infusions of dopexamine, an agonist with selectivity for D1-dopamine receptors and beta 2-adrenoceptors (240 micrograms kg-1 h-1), isoprenaline, a beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist (40 micrograms kg-1 h-1) or vehicle (isotonic saline at pH 2.5) for 7 days via subcutaneously implanted osmotic minipumps. Tissues were then(More)