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UNLABELLED Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes, and an increased risk for liver cirrhosis and cancer. ELOVL family member 6, elongation of very long chain fatty acids (Elovl6), is a microsomal enzyme that regulates the elongation of C12-16 saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids (FAs). We have shown(More)
Platelets are the smallest blood constitutes which contain three types of granules; alpha granules, dense granules, and lysosomal granules. Each granule contains various biophysiological substances such as growth factors, cytokines, etc. Platelets have been conventionally viewed as a trigger of inflammatory responses and injury in the liver. Some studies(More)
BACKGROUND A detailed evaluation of portal triad structures, especially the biliary anatomy at the hepatic hilus, is essential to ensure curative resection for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS Patients underwent 3-dimensional analysis using multidetector row computed tomography cholangioportography preoperatively. The number of bile duct orifices in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Postoperative hepatic failure preceded by insufficient remnant liver function is one of the major causes of mortality. The aim of this article was to present the usefulness of preoperative three-dimensional volumetric analysis applied in liver resection to avoid congestion in the remnant liver. CASE REPORT The patient was a 45-year-old(More)
Liver ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is one of the most serious complications of hepatic surgery. In I/R, activated Kupffer cells cause platelet adhesion to sinusoidal endothelium as well as neutrophils and cause liver dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate platelet dynamics in the hepatic microcirculation after I/R by intravital microscopy(More)
Fatty acid synthase is highly expressed in many types of human cancers. Cerulenin, a natural inhibitor of fatty acid synthase, induced apoptosis in the human colon cancer cell lines HCT116 and RKO. Oxaliplatin also induced cell death in these cell lines. Cerulenin treatment was associated with reduced levels of phosphorylated Akt, activation of p38 and(More)
Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is highly expressed in many kinds of human cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC), and we have investigated the potential use of FAS inhibitors for chemoprevention of liver metastasis of CRC in mice. Expression of FAS was evaluated in murine CRC cell lines Colon 26 and CMT 93. Cerulenin, a natural inhibitor of FAS, induced(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Several recent studies have reported that liver cirrhosis (LC) can be ameliorated, but few adequate strategies are available against liver fibrosis. Although LC clinically shows thrombocytopenia and hypersplenism, the correlation with liver fibrosis and platelets remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect(More)
AIM Liver cirrhosis (LC) is the end stage of chronic liver disease. No definitive pharmacological treatment is currently available. We previously reported that thrombopoietin (TPO) promoted liver regeneration and improved liver cirrhosis by increasing platelet count. TPO is therefore considered to be a therapeutic agent for LC; however, it is unclear(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of thrombopoietin on liver regeneration after hepatectomy and antifibrosis under conditions of liver cirrhosis in rats. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA We revealed that platelets induced by thrombopoietin administration promote liver regeneration after hepatectomy in the normal liver. METHODS Seventy percent hepatectomy was(More)