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Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) is the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) sensor to control ER Ca(2+) levels. A recent study has shown that STIM1L, a new splice variant of STIM1, is expressed in various tissues of rodent and in human skeletal muscle, and that the interaction of STIM1L with actin filament allows rapid activation of store-operated(More)
1. To explore the effects of estrogen on arterial functions, we examined endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)- and NO-mediated responses in isolated mesenteric arteries of female rats, 4 weeks after sham-operation (CON), ovariectomy (OVX) and OVX plus chronic estrogen treatment (OVX+E(2)). Tissue levels of connexins-40, 43 (major components of(More)
Cigarette smoking is one of the factors causing accumulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in atherosclerotic plaques. Changes in cell migration toward platelet-derived growth factor BB were investigated using a Boyden chamber after 48-h preincubation of GBaSM-4 VSMCs with nicotine or nicotine-free cigarette smoke extract (CSE). A nicotine(More)
We examined cytotoxic effects of nicotine/tar-free cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on C6 glioma cells. The CSE induced plasma membrane damage (determined by lactate dehydrogenase leakage and propidium iodide uptake) and cell apoptosis {determined by MTS [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium] reduction(More)
Toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 and TLR7 are indispensable for host defense against viral infection by recognizing virus-derived RNAs and are localized to intracellular membranes via an unknown mechanism. We recently reported experiments with chimeric Toll-like receptors that suggested that the subcellular distribution of TLRs may be defined by their(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been shown to activate three types of Ca2+ channel, namely two Ca2+-permeable nonselective cation channels (designated NSCC-1 and NSCC-2) and a store-operated Ca2+ channel (SOCC), and that these channels can be discriminated by Ca2+ channel blockers such as LOE 908 (a blocker of NSCC-1 and NSCC-2) and SK&F 96365 (a blocker of NSCC-2(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are type I transmembrane (TM) proteins indispensable for sensing microbial and viral infection. Despite their conserved primary structures, some TLRs that detect pathogen-derived nucleic acids (TLR3, TLR7, TLR8, and TLR9) are retained in the cytoplasm. The intracellular localization of TLR9 is important for its ability to(More)
Cigarette smoke consists of tar and gas phase: the latter is toxicologically important because it can pass through lung alveolar epithelium to enter the circulation. Here we attempt to establish a standard method for preparation of gas phase extract of cigarette smoke (CSE). CSE was prepared by continuously sucking cigarette smoke through a Cambridge filter(More)
We have recently shown that noradrenaline induces extracellular Ca(2+) influx through nonselective cation channel (NSCC) in Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing alpha(1A)-adrenoceptors (CHO-alpha(1A)). Moreover, this NSCC is sensitive to (R,S)-(3,4-dihydro-6,7-dimethoxy-isoquinoline-1-yl)-2-phenyl-N,N-di-[2-(2,3,4-trimethoxyphenyl)ethyl]-acetamide (LOE(More)