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Of all the parameters in the deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in the Parkinson disease (PD) animal models, the selection of the stimulation current intensity is alterable and argumentative to affect the stimulation charge or charge density. In order to observe the different performances among several motor tasks during the(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) improves motor performance in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. To evaluate the effects of subthalamic nucleus (STN)-DBS on impaired motor behavior, we studied improvements in motor performance after delivery of unilateral stimulation to the STN in rats with mild and severe lesions of the nigrostriatal dopamine system caused by(More)
Unilateral striatal lesion and complete medial forebrain bundle (MFB) lesion by 6-hydroxydopamine in rats have been widely used as Parkinson disease (PD) models. However, the difference of pre- and post-synaptic dopamine (DA) system in these two models are not well concerned. In order to investigate the pathophysiologic difference between the MFB lesion(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship of the stimulation site in the subthalamic region to the clinical effects on parkinsonian symptoms, the monopolar stimulation of 4 electrode contacts and the resulting effects on parkinsonian symptoms were evaluated. METHODS Seventeen consecutive patients (3 males and 14 females) were enrolled in the study. The(More)
Elevated plasma total homocysteine (HCY) level is a risk factor for coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke. We investigated relationships between polymorphisms in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene, and plasma levels of HCY and folate in patients of Mongolian races who suffered from cerebral ischemia (CI, n = 42) or cerebral hemorrhage(More)
ABSTRACF We have integrated silicon micromachining techniques with piezoelectric thin film deposition to make a near-field acoustic microscope. A piezoeleciric zinc oxide (ZnO) transducer is deposited on a substrate of 7740 glass. A sharp tip is fonned in a silicon wafer which is anodically bonded to the glass substrate. A sample is attached to substrate of(More)
To determine the optimal stimulation site within the subthalamic nucleus (STN), monopolar stimulation of four electrode contacts and the resulting effects on parkinsonian symptoms were evaluated in 10 consecutive patients. The UPDRS score for rigidity and akinesia improved significantly after stimulation at each of the contacts, compared to the(More)
Four different levels of the nigrostriatal dopamine system lesions were produced by injections of 6-hydroxydopamine at one-, two-, three-, or four-sites in the striatum and drug-induced rotational movement and stepping test were performed to evaluate behavioral impairments in the rat model of Parkinson's disease. A dose-dependent progressive loss of(More)
A 37-year-old woman with congenital afibrinogenemia presented with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) manifesting as severe headache, nausea, and somnolence after a minor head trauma. Brain computed tomography scans showed a right subdural hematoma associated with midline shift. Laboratory studies showed prolongation of prothrombin time, activated partial(More)
Our previous study regarding the changes of D(2) receptor in nigrostriatal dopamine system at an early stage (4 weeks after lesion) indicated a different functional activity of striatal D(2) receptor between two different rat parkinsonian models, lesioning with 6-hydroxydopamine in the striatum and in the medial forebrain bundle (MFB). In the present study,(More)