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Histamine has been proposed to be an important regulator of energy intake and expenditure. The aim of this study was to evaluate histamine regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism and development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with a hyperlipidemic diet. Histamine regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism, adipocytokine production, and(More)
BACKGROUND WNT/β-catenin signaling plays an important role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF); however, the role of WNT10A via transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling remains unclear. METHODS We evaluated the expression of WNT10A and TGF-β in bleomycin (BLM)-treated mice and the interactions between TGF-β or BLM and WNT10A in(More)
Various experimental and epidemiological studies have demonstrated that helminth infections affect outcomes of allergic or autoimmune disorders. Here, we examined the effects of Schistosoma mansoni infection on mouse collagen-induced arthritis, one of the most widely used animal models for rheumatoid arthritis. Male DBA/1 mice were infected with S. mansoni(More)
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is one of most common cancers in urogenital organs. Although recent experimental and clinical studies have shown the immunogenic properties of ccRCC as illustrated by the clinical sensitivities to various immunotherapies, the detailed immunoregulatory machineries governing the tumorigenicity of human ccRCC remain(More)
Cancer stem-like cells (CSC) or cancer-initiating cells are now considered to be an important cell population related to cancer recurrence and the resistance to anti-cancer therapy. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) are a main component of stromal cells and are related to cancer progression in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Because the detailed(More)
We describe the clinicopathologic features of a case of congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasis (CPL). A male Japanese infant born prematurely at 34 weeks of gestation developed a severe moaning sound, dyspnea, and prominent respiratory acidosis about 10min after delivery. A chest X-ray film showed bilateral frosted glass-like infiltrates with an air(More)
The small intestine (SI) is the second-greatest source of HDL in mice. However, the selective evaluation of SI-derived HDL (SI-HDL) has been difficult because even the origin of HDL obtained in vivo from the intestinal lymph duct of anesthetized rodents is doubtful. To shed light on this question, we have developed a novel in situ perfusion technique using(More)
We review the critical roles of peroxiredoxin (PRDX) 4 in inflammatory diseases. The PRDX family, a new family of proteins with an antioxidative function, is ubiquitously synthesized and abundantly identified in various organisms. The function of these enzymes, which include at least six distinct PRDX genes expressed in mammals, still remains unclear.(More)
Apocrine carcinoma is a rare variant of breast carcinoma, and accounts for 0.3 to 1.0% of all breast cancers. A 55-year-old Japanese female patient presented with a right breast tumor, which had been detected by mass-screening, and she was admitted to our hospital. The physical examination revealed an elastic hard lump in the upper lateral quadrant of the(More)
AIMS Consumption of a high-fructose diet (HFrD) can induce the development of a metabolic syndrome, manifesting as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), via a process in which oxidative stress plays a critical role. Peroxiredoxin 4 (PRDX4) is a unique and only known secretory member of the PRDX antioxidant family.(More)