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Riluzole has been shown to possess neuroprotective effects in a variety of neurological and animal model of diseases, including motor diseases. However, the mechanism(s) by which riluzole preserves the intrinsic electrophysiological characteristics of neuronal membrane has not been fully delineated. Ataxia is a clinical manifestation of disturbance in(More)
The effects of prior treatment of cysteamine, a somatostatin inhibitor, on pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) induced epileptic and plastic changes in CA1 excitability were examined. Population spikes were evoked by activation of Schaffer collaterals with a range of stimulation intensities. Changes in the population spike and epileptiform amplitudes were used as(More)
Recent studies suggest that intermittent and prolonged normobaric hyperoxia (HO) results in ischemic tolerance to reduce ischemic brain injury. In this research, we attempted to see changes in excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) and TNF-alpha levels following prolonged and intermittent hyperoxia preconditioning. Rats were divided into four(More)
Prior prolonged oxygen exposure is associated with some protection against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury to rat brain tissue, but also with toxic effects. We sought to compare the magnitude of protection offered by prolonged and intermittent oxygen pretreatments against IR injury to the rat brain. Rats were divided into four experimental groups, each of(More)
The present research aimed at investigating the opioid-adenosine interaction on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). Therefore rCBF in the sensory cortex of morphine-naive and -dependent rats was measured using the laser-Doppler flowmetry technique. The results showed that adenosine (10(-5), 10(-4), 10(-3) M) significantly increased rCBF in(More)
In a time-series, memory is a statistical feature that lasts for a period of time and distinguishes the time-series from a random, or memory-less, process. In the present study, the concept of "memory length" was used to define the time period, or scale over which rare events within a physiological time-series do not appear randomly. The method is based on(More)
Normal human breathing exhibits complex variability in both respiratory rhythm and volume. Analyzing such nonlinear fluctuations may provide clinically relevant information in patients with complex illnesses such as asthma. We compared the cycle-by-cycle fluctuations of inter-breath interval (IBI) and lung volume (LV) among healthy volunteers and patients(More)
Previous reports have indicated that artificial stimulation of the vagus nerve reduces systemic inflammation in experimental models of sepsis. This phenomenon is a part of a broader cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway which activates the vagus nerve to modulate inflammation through activation of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7nACHR). Heart(More)