Sohji Shinoda

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The authors report a case of a huge posterior fossa arachnoid cyst with syringomyelia. This 22-year-old man presented with a history of drop attacks. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated ventricular hydrocephalus, a huge posterior fossa arachnoid cyst and syringomyelia. Cyst-peritoneal shunting was installed. The patient had an uneventful postoperative(More)
Botulinum toxin type A (BTX) injection into the orbicularis oculi muscle is an effective treatment for patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS). The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of this treatment on HFS, in particular the associated hyperexcitability of the facial motor nucleus, and to discuss the potential mechanism of HFS. F waves(More)
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