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Alterations in local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU) induced by electrical stimulation of the sensory relay nucleus (VPL) or parafascicular nucleus (Pf) of the thalamus in conscious rats were measured by the [14C]2-deoxyglucose method, the objective being to assess the mechanism of analgesia induced by electrical stimulations of these structures.(More)
In a patient with a syndrome of continuous muscle fiber activity, peripheral nerve block completely abolished the EMG discharges. Reduction of spontaneous discharges by epidural block and demonstration of a silent period after the H response suggested that the disorder may originate in the spinal cord or ventral roots, sparing inhibitory influences on the(More)
Positron emission tomographic (PET) studies of regional cerebral glucose metabolism were performed in patients with various types of dementia, patients with Parkinson's disease but without dementia, and healthy normal controls. Patients with Alzheimer-type dementia showed significant decreases in glucose metabolism in frontal, temporal, parietal,(More)
Alterations in local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU) in rats with unilateral striatal lesions and the modification by apomorphine were investigated. Electrolytic lesions were made in the rostral part of the right striatum, and 1, 7, and 30 days later, LCGU was observed in terms of relative and absolute LCGU values, using the [14C]deoxyglucose method. A(More)
Alterations in local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU) in conscious rats during electrical stimulation of the striatum and the globus pallidus were investigated using the [14C]deoxyglucose method. Stimulation of the globus pallidus produced a marked contraversive circling behavior, while stimulation of the striatum led only to contraversive head turning.(More)
Alterations in local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU) following ablations of the unilateral frontal cortex in rats were studied to elucidate the effect of the lesion on the functional activity in the related cerebral structures. Frontal cortical ablations (areas 2, 4, 6 and 10) were made by aspiration on the left side, and LCGU was evaluated at 7 days(More)
By means of positron emission tomography, the cerebral glucose metabolism in 5 patients with Parkinson's disease with dementia was compared with that in 9 patients without dementia, and that in 5 normal volunteers. The metabolic rates for glucose were measured by placing one hundred regions of interest. In the demented patients, cerebral glucose metabolism(More)
Rolling mouse Nagoya (rolling), an experimental mutant mouse, is characterized by a marked incoordination of the hind limbs and disturbance of gait. These motor disturbances have been attributed to cerebellar dysfunction, and rolling, therefore, has been regarded as an animal model of hereditary cerebellar ataxia. However, definite evidence for this(More)
An 8-year-old girl had progressive muscle weakness and a unique posture of the lower limbs, areflexia, distal sensory impairment, and remarkably kinky hair. Histologic examination of the sural nerve showed giant axons filled with neurofilamentous masses. The clinical and histologic findings resembled those of recent cases reported as "giant axonal(More)
Striatal blood flow, glucose metabolism and 18F-Dopa uptake were studied with positron emission tomography (PET) in eight non-demented patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease and eight with atypical Parkinsonism. Patients with atypical Parkinsonism had no specific cause for the Parkinsonian symptoms and were clinically different from Parkinson's(More)