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BACKGROUND Percutaneous transpedicular needle biopsy was performed on thoracic and lumbar vertebral bodies with a thin trocar (2.0 mm outer diameter) under observation with a conventional X-ray image intensifier in order to establish a correct histopathological diagnosis. We also evaluated the clinical validity of this less invasive diagnostic method in(More)
BACKGROUND Although the frequent occurrence of scoliosis in patients who have spastic cerebral palsy is well known and surgical treatment has often been recommended for these patients, little is known about the natural history of scoliosis in this population. We aimed to clarify the natural history of scoliosis from childhood through to adulthood and(More)
A characteristic dysfunction of the hand has been observed in various cervical spinal disorders when there is involvement of the spinal cord. There is loss of power of adduction and extension of the ulnar two or three fingers and an inability to grip and release rapidly with these fingers. These changes have been termed "myelopathy hand" and appear to be(More)
The authors describe their experience with 26 cases of thoracic myelopathy secondary to hypertrophic ossification of the spinal ligament (posterior longitudinal ligament and/or ligamentum flavum). The clinical manifestations of this condition and results of its surgical treatment are described. The commonest symptoms were numbness or tingling in the legs(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not computerized tomography myelography (CTM) gave an actual size and shape of the cervical spinal cord, and whether such dimensions reflected pathology of the spinal cord in cases suffering from compression myelopathy. Spinal cord transverse area and compression ratio (sagittal diameter divided by(More)
To justify lumbar fusion or stabilization, a quantitative assessment and definition of spinal instability are essential. To quantify spinal instability, the tensile stiffness of a motion segment (vertebra-disc-vertebra) was measured with a spinal distractor during spinal decompression surgery. Stiffness was indicated by the relationship between load and(More)
The patient presented with neurofibromatosis and a dystrophic kyphoscoliosis around the cervico-thoracic junction. When the patient was 59 years old, he started to suffer from dyspnea caused by an intrathoracic meningocele in the upper left thoracic cavity. A wide laminectomy from T2 to T5 was performed and the meningocele was resected. Although the(More)
While the authors have often observed the hand presenting spastic dysfunction and deficient pain sensation in patients with cervical compression myelopathy, which has been termed "Myelopathy hand," they have occasionally seen a different type of myelopathy hand characterized by muscle wasting and motor dysfunction in patients with cervical spondylosis. This(More)
BACKGROUND Ossification of the ligamentum flavum overlying the lower thoracic spine frequently produces myelopathy. This study analyzed the postoperative outcomes after decompressive laminectomy for thoracic OLF. METHODS We retrospectively studied 13 patients (10 male, 3 female; mean age, 58 years; range, 39-69). The mean follow-up duration was 66 months(More)
We treated a patient of type IV mucopolysaccharidosis (Morquio's disease) with lower leg paresis due to kyphoscoliosis. A 65-year-old woman presented with Morquio's disease. A lateral radiograph demonstrated the classic bullet-shaped vertebrae and a 65 degrees thoraco-lumbar kyphosis. After the age of 60, she suffered from numbness in both lower legs and(More)