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This paper proposes an asymptotically optimal hybrid beamforming solution for large antenna arrays by exploiting the properties of the singular vectors of the channel matrix. It is shown that the elements of the channel matrix with Rayleigh fading follow a normal distribution when large antenna arrays are employed. The proposed beamforming algorithm is(More)
In this correspondence, two novel hybrid beamforming methods are proposed to reduce the cost and power consumption of hybrid beamformers with subconnected phase shifter network structure in massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. This is achieved by replacing some of the phase shifters with switches which, in general, are cheaper and have(More)
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