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To examine whether intensive glycemic control could decrease the frequency or severity of diabetic microvascular complications, we performed a prospective study of Japanese patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) treated with multiple insulin injection treatment. A total of 110 patients with NIDDM was randomly assigned to multiple(More)
A shock model was experimentally produced by intravenous injection of a lethal dose (3 mg/kg) of endotoxin under general anesthesia induced by pentobarbital sodium using 7 beagles. The effect of this endotoxic shock on the reticuloendothelial function was investigated. The blood endotoxin concentration peaked immediately after administration and decreased(More)
A seroepidemiologic survey for feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection was conducted in Japan. Between June and December 1987, individual sera (n = 3,323) were submitted by veterinary practitioners from many parts of the country. Specimens were from 1,739 cats with clinical signs suggestive of FIV infection and from 1,584 healthy-appearing cats seen(More)
In order to explore the role of phospholipase A2 inhibition in the mechanisms of the action of glucocorticoids, it was investigated whether the steroid exhibits the analgesic and antipyretic actions as well as cyclo-oxygenase inhibitors such as indomethacin or not. Dexamethasone has been reported to produce the anti-inflammatory action with a lag time of at(More)
It is known that blood and plasma volume increase during lactation. The present paper examines whether an increase in plasma volume is accompanied by the change in plasma composition or attributed to hydro-dilution. Six dam-nursed pups and six dam-removed pups housed individually were designated as lactating rats and control rats, respectively. The plasma(More)
Since the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) is the major substrate of the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase and has been shown to activate phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase and promote GLUT4 translocation, the IRS-1 gene is a potential candidate for development of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). In this study, we have identified IRS-1(More)
A serological survey with latex agglutination test to detect anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies was conducted on 800 serum samples collected from domiciled cats at animal hospitals in various areas of Japan. The overall prevalence was 6.0% (48/800). Among 48 positive individuals, there was no specific distribution of strength of antibody titers; the titers(More)
Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic and gastrointestinal ulcerogenic activities of 2-(8-methyl-10,11-dihydro-11-oxodibenz(b,f]oxepin-2-yl)propionic acid (AD-1590), a new non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, were compared with indomethacin (INN: indomethacin) and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) in experimental animals. AD-1590(More)
It has been suggested that bradykinin stimulates glucose uptake in experiments in vivo and in cultured cells. However, its mechanism has not yet been fully elucidated. In this study, the effects of bradykinin on the insulin signalling pathway were evaluated in isolated dog adipocytes. The bradykinin receptor binding study revealed that dog adipocytes(More)
Exposure of developing chick embryos to 428 MHz radio frequency (RF) radiation at a power density of 5.5 mW/cm2 for more than 20 days resulted in embryolethal and/or teratogenic effects and delayed hatching. These adverse biological effects were not due to any thermal effect of the RF radiation. We have demonstrated teratogenicity in the chick embryo as a(More)