Sofya Dvoskin

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Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) causes moderate to severe disease, resulting in diarrhea and pseudomembranous colitis. CDI is difficult to treat due to production of inflammation-inducing toxins, resistance development, and high probability of recurrence. Only two antibiotics are approved for the treatment of CDI, and the pipeline for therapeutic(More)
N(2)-(3,4-Dichlorobenzyl)-7-(2-[1-morpholinyl]ethyl)guanine (MorE-DCBG, 362E) is a synthetic purine that selectively inhibits the replication-specific DNA polymerase of Clostridium difficile. MorE-DCBG and its analogs strongly inhibited the growth of a wide variety of C. difficile strains. When administered orally in a hamster model of C. difficile-specific(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Ropivacaine is the S(-) propyl homolog of bupivacaine and mepivacaine. Studies in humans have confirmed the results of studies in laboratory animals that ropivacaine is a long-acting local anesthetic with an anesthetic profile similar to bupivacaine. Acute, intravenous systemic toxicity studies have been conducted in sheep and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This study was initiated to evaluate the antinociceptive and motor blocking capabilities of epidurally administered 0.5% and 0.75% ropivacaine and bupivacaine using a blinded, random crossover design in the dog. Additionally, serum drug concentrations and serum protein binding were determined. METHODS Twelve male beagles were(More)
Several 2-anilino- and 2-benzylamino-3-deaza-6-oxopurines [3-deazaguanines] and selected 8-methyl and 8-aza analogs have been synthesized. 7-Substituted N(2)-(3-ethyl-4-methylphenyl)-3-deazaguanines were potent and selective inhibitors of Gram+ bacterial DNA polymerase (pol) IIIC, and 7-substituted N(2)-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-3-deazaguanines were potent(More)
BACKGROUND Because guanine-based herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase inhibitors are not orally available, we synthesized various 6-deoxy prodrugs of these compounds and evaluated them with regard to solubility in water, oral bioavailability, and efficacy to prevent herpes simplex virus-1 reactivation from latency in a mouse model. METHODS Organic(More)