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Mammals contain 9-10 secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s) that display widely different affinities for membranes, depending on the phospholipid composition. The much higher enzymatic activity of human group X sPLA(2) (hGX) compared with human group IIA sPLA(2) (hGIIA) on phosphatidylcholine (PC)-rich vesicles is due in large part to the higher affinity(More)
Both classical pancreatic lipase (DPL) and pancreatic lipase-related protein 1 (DPLRP1) have been found to be secreted by dog exocrine pancreas. These two proteins were purified to homogeneity from canine pancreatic juice and no significant catalytic activity was observed with dog PLRP1 on any of the substrates tested: di- and tri-glycerides, phospholipids,(More)
The purified (phospho)lipase of Fusarium solani (FSL), was known to be active on both triglycerides and phospholipids. This study aimed at assessing the potential of this enzyme in hydrolyzing galactolipids. FSL was found to hydrolyze at high rates of synthetic medium chains monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (4658±146U/mg on DiC8-MGDG) and(More)
Mammalian secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA2s) comprise a group of at least eight enzymes, including the recently identified group X sPLA2. A bacterial expression system was developed to produce human group X sPLA2 (hGX). Inhibition studies show that the sPLA2 inhibitor LY311727 binds modestly more tightly to human group IIA sPLA2 than to hGX and that a(More)
Expression of the full set of human and mouse groups I, II, V, X, and XII secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s) in Escherichia coli and insect cells has provided pure recombinant enzymes for detailed comparative interfacial kinetic and binding studies. The set of mammalian sPLA(2)s display dramatically different sensitivity to dithiothreitol. The specific(More)
Escherichia coli and insect cells has provided pure re-combinant enzymes for detailed comparative interfacial kinetic and binding studies. The set of mammalian sPLA 2 s display dramatically different sensitivity to di-thiothreitol. The specific activity for the hydrolysis of vesicles of differing phospholipid composition by these enzymes varies by up to 4(More)
To date, 12 secreted phospholipases A2 (sPLA2s) have been identified in the mouse species and divided into three structural collections (I/II/V/X, III, and XII). On the basis of their different molecular properties and tissue distributions, each sPLA2 is likely to exert distinct functions by acting as an enzyme or ligand for specific soluble proteins or(More)
Here we report cellular arachidonate (AA) release and prostaglandin (PG) production by novel classes of secretory phospholipase A(2)s (sPLA(2)s), groups III and XII. Human group III sPLA(2) promoted spontaneous AA release, which was augmented by interleukin-1, in HEK293 transfectants. The central sPLA(2) domain alone was sufficient for its in vitro(More)
Secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)) are enzymes released in plasma and extracellular fluids during inflammatory diseases. Because human group IB and X sPLA(2)s are expressed in the lung, we examined their effects on primary human lung macrophages (HLM). Both sPLA(2)s induced TNF-alpha and IL-6 release in a concentration-dependent manner by increasing(More)
High level of phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity is found in serum and biological fluids during the acute-phase response (APR). Extracellular PLA(2) in fluids of patients with inflammatory diseases such as sepsis, acute pancreatitis or rheumatoid arthritis is also associated with propagation of inflammation. PLA(2) activity is involved in the release of(More)