Sofia Mariotto

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The reactive nitrogen species, nitric oxide (NO), plays an important role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. The suppression of NO production may be fundamental for survival of neurons. Here, we report that pretreatment of human ramified microglial cells with nearly physiological levels of exogenous NO prevents lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/tumor(More)
Previous results indicate that induction of inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) expression may be kept suppressed by the endogenous NO level as produced by a constitutive NOS (cNOS) enzyme. In cell types possessing both cNOS and iNOS, this may represent an evident paradox. Here, we report that lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma, which are able to(More)
A well-known nitric oxide (NO)-releasing compound, sodium nitroprusside (SNP), decreases in a dose-dependent manner NO synthase (NOS) activity induced in rat neutrophils by treatment with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). This inhibitory action of SNP seems not to be due to its direct effect on the enzyme activity. The strong nitrosonium ion (NO+) character of SNP(More)
STAT3 is a latent transcription factor that promotes cell survival and proliferation and is often constitutively active in cancers. Although many reports provide evidence that STAT3 is a direct target of oxidative stress, its redox regulation is poorly understood. Under oxidative conditions STAT3 activity can be modulated by S-glutathionylation, a(More)
In the human glioblastoma cell line U87, the activity of serine racemase (SR), catalyzing the isomerisation of serine, was inversely regulated by D-serine and nitric oxide (NO), a neuromodulator and a neurotransmitter, respectively. SR activity was dose-dependently enhanced up to five times in cells treated with 10 mM D-serine, whereas it was inhibited by(More)
The effects of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, flurbiprofen, and its nitro-derivative, nitroflurbiprofen, on inducible nitric oxide synthase in rat neutrophils were examined. Nitroflurbiprofen was shown to inhibit nitric oxide synthase induction caused by lipopolysaccharide administration, while flurbiprofen had no effect on nitric oxide synthase(More)
The main purpose of the present study is to envisage the molecular mechanism of inhibitory action of dehydrocostuslactone (DCE) and costunolide (CS), two naturally occurring sesquiterpene lactones, towards the activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). We report that, in human THP-1 cell line, they inhibit IL-6-elicited(More)
The imbalance of the intracellular redox state and, in particular, of the glutathione (GSH)/GSH disulfide couple homeostasis, is involved in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases. In many skin diseases, including psoriasis, oxidative stress plays an important role, as demonstrated by the observation that treatments leading to increase of the local levels(More)
Alpha-bisabolol is a natural monocyclic sesquiterpene alcohol. It has been used in cosmetics for hundreds of years because of its perceived skin-healing properties. Alpha-bisabolol is known to have anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. In precedent studies, we described how alpha-bisabolol exerts a selective pro-apoptotic action(More)