Sofia Kanavaki

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To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a commercially available Mycobacterium tuberculosis PCR assay (Amplicor MTB-ROCHE), 2296 respiratory and nonrespiratory specimens from 2296 patients with suspected tuberculosis (TB) were collected prospectively in an 8-year period. Clinical data for each patient were abstracted, and all samples were examined blindly(More)
The GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay was evaluated with microscopically negative and positive pulmonary and extrapulmonary specimens from patients with substantial clinical indications for tuberculosis. For the pulmonary samples, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 90.6%, 94.3%, 93.5%, and 91.7%, and for the extrapulmonary(More)
In order to determine the current antibiotic susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae strains in Greece, the present study was performed on 282 clinical isolates collected from patients at the Sotiria Chest Hospital of Athens, Greece, during the years 1997-2003. Susceptibility testing revealed that 52 (18.4%) isolates were not susceptible to penicillin,(More)
The antibiotic susceptibilities of 1,002 Streptococcus pneumoniae clinical isolates from patients with community-acquired pneumonia were determined over an 18-month period. Resistance rates were 14% for penicillin, 20% for erythromycin, 26% for tetracycline, and 1% for chloramphenicol. Resistance to non-beta-lactam antibiotics was associated with penicillin(More)
The case of an elderly immunocompromised man with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who presented with fever, abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea is described. Brachyspira pilosicoli was isolated from culture. The patient was treated with penicillin G i.v. and became afebrile. B. pilosicoli is a recently recognized enteric pathogen of humans and animals. Intestinal(More)
The Greek National Reference Laboratory for Mycobacteria is a major source of tuberculosis (TB)-related data for Greece, where the TB burden and epidemiology still need to be better defined. We present data regarding newly diagnosed TB cases and resistance to anti-TB drugs during the last 15 years in Greece. Although the total number of newly detected TB(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Although sputum culture in patients with an acute exacerbation of COPD is of uncertain value, it is routinely done. The ability to clinically identify patients likely or unlikely to yield bacterial sputum isolates would potentially reduce unnecessary tests. The objective of this study was to identify the clinical predictors of(More)
Aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of cefamandole, cefuroxime and cefoxitin on the level of gastrointestinal (GI) colonization by Candida albicans in humans. Twenty-eight adult patients received one of these three cephalosporins for 10 days, as treatment of infection, and were studied prospectively. Quantitative stool cultures for yeasts(More)
OBJECTIVE To document the prevalence of resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to isoniazid (INH), rifampicin (RMP) and both combined (multidrug resistance [MDR]) in Greece from 1993 to 2002. DESIGN We studied a single sputum sample per patient from 4108 patients referred to the Greek National Referral Centre for Mycobacteria. Patients were divided into(More)