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Oleuropein, a natural phenolic compound, prevents acute doxorubicin (DXR)-induced cardiotoxicity but there is no evidence regarding its role in chronic DXR-induced cardiomyopathy (DXR-CM). In the present study, we investigated the role of oleuropein in DXR-CM by addressing cardiac geometry and function (transthoracic echocardiography), cardiac(More)
AIMS H2S is known to confer cardioprotection; however, the pathways mediating its effects in vivo remain incompletely understood. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the contribution of cGMP-regulated pathways in the infarct-limiting effect of H2S in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS Anaesthetized rabbits were subjected to myocardial ischaemia(More)
The importance of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in physiology and disease is being increasingly recognized in recent years. Unlike nitric oxide (NO) that signals mainly through soluble guanyl cyclase (sGC)/cGMP, H2S is more promiscuous, affecting multiple pathways. It interacts with ion channels, enzymes, transcription factors and receptors. It was originally(More)
Recent studies have implicated endogenously produced H2S in the angiogenic process. On one hand, pharmacological inhibition and silencing of the enzymes involved in H2S synthesis attenuate the angiogenic properties of endothelial cells, including proliferation, migration and tube-like structure network formation. On the other hand, enhanced production of(More)
Ischemic preconditioning, which is mediated by cell signaling molecules, protects the heart from ischemia-reperfusion injury by limiting the infarct size. Oleuropein, the main polyphenolic constituent of olives, reduced the infarct size in normal and cholesterol-fed rabbits when it was administered at a nutritional dose. The aim of the present study was to(More)
Background. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is implicated in left ventricular dysfunction after ischaemia-reperfusion. ETA and ETB receptors mediate diverse actions, but it is unknown whether these actions depend on ischaemia type and duration. We investigated the role of ETB receptors after four ischaemia-reperfusion protocols in isolated rat hearts. Methods. Left(More)
Chronic skeletal muscle ischemia protects the ischemic heart by preserving coronary flow and inducing arterioangiogenesis. We sought to determine the effect and the underlying molecular mechanisms of preconditioning (PreC) and postconditioning (PostC), applied in a model of chronic skeletal muscle ischemia. Male rabbits were divided into 3 series. In each(More)
BACKGROUND Preconditioning (PreC) and postconditioning (PostC) reduce infarct size. We sought to determine the effects of PreC and PostC, alone or in combination, on infarct size and expression of intracellular signals in different ischemia models. METHODS Male rabbits were subjected to myocardial ischemia followed by 3-hour reperfusion. In a first series(More)
Aims Endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) is known to play a cardioprotective protective. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating eNOS activity during ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury are incompletely understood. eNOS is a substrate for several kinases that positively or negatively affect its enzymatic activity. Herein, we sought to(More)
Cigarette smoking is one of the risk factors for coronary artery disease. Although conditioning decreases infarct size in hearts from healthy animals, comorbidities may render it ineffective. We investigated the effects of cigarette smoke (CS) exposure on intracellular myocardial signaling, infarct size after ischemia-reperfusion, and the potential(More)