Sofia Fonseca

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PURPOSE We compared the efficacy of intravitreal ranibizumab and bevacizumab for treating neovascular age-related macular degeneration using an on-demand regimen. METHODS A total of 186 wet age-related macular degeneration eyes of 186 treatment-naïve patients were compared retrospectively (67 eyes treated with ranibizumab with 91 treated with(More)
Purpose. To report clinical aspects, tomographic, angiographic, and autofluorescence patterns of two cases of isolated foveal hypoplasia. Methods. Foveal hypoplasia was found in a 23-year-old male patient and in a 64-year-old woman with impaired visual acuity of unknown etiology that remained unchanged for years. Results. In the first case, spectral-domain(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis may occur in profoundly immunocompromised patients and be the initial AIDS-defining infection. The incidence and prevalence of CMV retinitis has declined substantially in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART); nevertheless, it remains a leading cause of ocular morbility. We report the case of a 40-year-old(More)
Purpose. To describe a case of anterior nodular scleritis, preceded by an anterior hypertensive uveitis, which was primarily caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV). Case Report. A 54-year-old woman presented with anterior uveitis of the right eye presumably caused by herpetic viral disease and was successfully treated. Two months later, she developed a(More)
The authors report a rare case of a 47-year-old woman with Crohn's disease (CD) who presented with retinal vasculitis and central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) during remission. The patient complained of sudden painless visual loss in her left eye (OS). Ophthalmologic evaluation revealed a best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20/20 in the right eye and(More)
Purpose: To evaluate the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in Wolfram's Syndrome (WS) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: The peripapillary RNFL of eighteen eyes of nine patients with the clinical diagnosis of WS were measured using Stratus OCT. The RNFL was determined consecutively three times. Results: The mean RNFL thickness(More)
Ghrelin and obestatin are two different peptides originated from the same gene isolated in the stomach. Numerous actions have been described where these two peptides are implicated in metabolism, appetite regulation, glucose levels regulation, and a wide range of systemic effects. In this article, we summarize (1) the cellular receptors implicated in(More)
INTRODUCTION Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute inflammatory ascending polyradiculoneuropathy. Autoimmune mechanisms play a role in the demyelinating process. Clinically, progressive symmetric loss of motor strength, areflexia, sensitive and autonomic manifestations are observed. Albuminocytological dissociation and electrophysiological signs of(More)
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