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After completing questionnaires assessing stressful life events, perceived stress, and negative affect, 394 healthy Ss were intentionally exposed to a common cold virus, quarantined, and monitored for the development of biologically verified++ clinical illness. Consistent with the hypothesis that psychological stress increases susceptibility to infectious(More)
Voltage clamp technique was used in Xenopus laevis oocytes in order to study and compare membrane currents evoked by extracellularly applied adenosine (0.1-10 microM) and intracellularly injected cyclic AMP (0.15-10 microM). The adenosine response is a late long-lasting outward K+ current ("H" current), mediated by the Ra purine receptor subtype. The H(More)
The effect of McN-A-343 and oxotremorine on acetylcholine (ACh) release and choline (Ch) transport was studied in corticocerebral synaptosomes of the guinea pig. The synaptosomes were preloaded with [3H]Ch after treatment with the irreversible cholinesterase inhibitor, diisopropyl fluorophosphate, and then tested for their ability to release isotope-labeled(More)
Voltage-clamp technique and intracellular injections of drugs were used to study the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-evoked depolarizing current response in the Xenopus laevis oocytes. The depolarizing current was comprised of a fast transient component (D1) followed by a late long-lasting component (D2). It was carried mainly by Cl- ions. The depolarizing(More)
N-propargyl-1-(R)aminoindan (rasagiline) is a new and selective irreversible MAO-B inhibitor, currently being considered as the mesylate salt for potential therapy in certain neurological disorders. It has been studied in animal models of cognition and motor dysfunction. Its ability to restore normal motor activity was determined in models of acute(More)
Adenosine and its 5'-phosphorylated congeners evoke specific membrane-mediated responses in excitable tissues. Available data suggest that inhibition of the target cell occurs due to hyperpolarization, and in some preparations a compound effect of ATP (excitation and inhibition) has been found. However, the ionic mechanism of the purinergic-mediated(More)
Cross-sectional analyses of data collected from a large sample of incoming college freshmen were used to determine whether the perceived availability of social support protects persons from stress-induced depressive affect; whether social competence, social anxiety, and self-disclosure are responsible for the stress-protective effect of perceived social(More)
Rasagiline (N-propargyl-1(R)aminoindan) is a selective and potent MAO-B inhibitor currently under development as the mesylate salt (TVP-1012) for the treatment of various neurologic disorders. Preliminary work in adult and senescent rats, either normal or hypoxia-lesioned, showed that chronic rasagiline treatment improved performance in memory and learning(More)
Blood was collected from 684 healthy volunteers and examined for total and differential white blood cell (WBC) counts. A subgroup also was tested for numbers of T cells, B cells, and CD4 and CD8 subsets. Smoking status and alcohol consumption were determined by means of questionnaire, and smoking status was verified with serum cotinine concentration. High(More)
Wistar male rats, 3-4 months old, were made to breathe for 6 h a sub-lethal hypoxic atmosphere consisting of 8% oxygen and 92% nitrogen. Following this treatment, these rats were subjected to a series of behavioral and biochemical tests starting 30 days and ending at about 180 days after the hypoxic insult. an age-matched control group was subjected to the(More)