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Comprehensive gene expression patterns generated from cDNA microarrays were correlated with detailed clinico-pathological characteristics and clinical outcome in an unselected group of 99 node-negative and node-positive breast cancer patients. Gene expression patterns were found to be strongly associated with estrogen receptor (ER) status and moderately(More)
Axin is a multidomain protein that coordinates a variety of critical factors in Wnt signaling and JNK activation. In this study, we found that overexpression of Axin leads to apoptosis in several cell lines. A mutant Axin (Axin-deltaMID) that does not contain the MEKK1-interacting domain and is not capable of activating JNK, has less apoptotic effect.(More)
Axin negatively regulates the Wnt pathway during axis formation and plays a central role in cell growth control and tumorigenesis. We found that Axin also serves as a scaffold protein for mitogen-activated protein kinase activation and further determined the structural requirement for this activation. Overexpression of Axin in 293T cells leads to(More)
Axin and Dishevelled are two downstream components of the Wnt signaling pathway. Dishevelled is a positive regulator and is placed genetically between Frizzled and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta, whereas Axin is a negative regulator that acts downstream of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta. It is intriguing that they each can activate the c-Jun N-terminal(More)
Cancer such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by complex perturbations in multiple signaling pathways, including the phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K/AKT) pathways. Herein we investigated the role of PI3K catalytic isoforms, particularly class II isoforms in HCC proliferation. Among the siRNAs tested against the eight known catalytic PI3K(More)
BACKGROUND The ATP-dependent drug transporter proteins, P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) are known to be involved in drug efflux that reduces drug accumulation and so renders tumor cells resistant to the cytotoxic effects of a number of anticancer agents. The ways in which these transporters bring about drug(More)
1. Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a phenomenon originally seen in cultured tumor cells that, following selection for resistance to a single anticancer agent, become resistant to a range of chemically diverse anticancer agents. These MDR cells show a decrease in intracellular drug accumulation due to active efflux by transporter proteins. The transporter best(More)
The large gene family encoding the regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins has been implicated in the fine tuning of a variety of cellular events in response to G protein-coupled receptor activation. Several studies have shown that the RGS proteins can attenuate G protein-activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) group of(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular basis of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (CoV) induced pathology is still largely unclear. Many SARS patients suffer respiratory distress brought on by interstitial infiltration and frequently show peripheral blood lymphopenia and occasional leucopenia. One possible cause of this could be interstitial(More)