Soek- Ying Neo

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Axin negatively regulates the Wnt pathway during axis formation and plays a central role in cell growth control and tumorigenesis. We found that Axin also serves as a scaffold protein for mitogen-activated protein kinase activation and further determined the structural requirement for this activation. Overexpression of Axin in 293T cells leads to(More)
BACKGROUND The ATP-dependent drug transporter proteins, P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) are known to be involved in drug efflux that reduces drug accumulation and so renders tumor cells resistant to the cytotoxic effects of a number of anticancer agents. The ways in which these transporters bring about drug(More)
Axin is a multidomain protein that coordinates a variety of critical factors in Wnt signaling and JNK activation. In this study, we found that overexpression of Axin leads to apoptosis in several cell lines. A mutant Axin (Axin-deltaMID) that does not contain the MEKK1-interacting domain and is not capable of activating JNK, has less apoptotic effect.(More)
Axin and Dishevelled are two downstream components of the Wnt signaling pathway. Dishevelled is a positive regulator and is placed genetically between Frizzled and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta, whereas Axin is a negative regulator that acts downstream of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta. It is intriguing that they each can activate the c-Jun N-terminal(More)
1. Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a phenomenon originally seen in cultured tumor cells that, following selection for resistance to a single anticancer agent, become resistant to a range of chemically diverse anticancer agents. These MDR cells show a decrease in intracellular drug accumulation due to active efflux by transporter proteins. The transporter best(More)
The large gene family encoding the regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins has been implicated in the fine tuning of a variety of cellular events in response to G protein-coupled receptor activation. Several studies have shown that the RGS proteins can attenuate G protein-activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) group of(More)
Axin is a multidomain scaffold protein that exerts a dual function in the Wnt signaling and MEKK1/JNK pathways. This raises a critical question as to whether Axin-based differential molecular assemblies exist and how these may act to coordinate the two separate pathways. Here we show that both wild-type glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3 beta) and(More)
The drug transport protein, P-glycoprotein, confers multidrug resistance (MDR) by expelling drugs across the cell surface. The structurally similar multidrug resistance-associated protein, or MRP, is also involved with drug efflux. In MDR variants of the human lung tumour cell line COR-L23 that overexpress MRP, there are also changes in intracellular drug(More)
The RGS (regulator of G-protein signalling) proteins are GTPase-activating proteins for activated Galpha subunits. We investigated the effects of protein kinase C (PKC) on RGS proteins in various T cell lines by treating them with PMA. mRNA levels of both RGS16 and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) were found to be up-regulated in CEM leukaemia cells(More)
Current search engine is too general and often return too much of irrelevant information in respond to user’s free-text queries. Many redundant documents are returned and this often takes users a long time to find the actual piece of news that they want. The aim of this project is to develop an expanded query system to support the precise retrieval of news(More)