Socrates Kypreos

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This study gives a synthesis of a model comparison assessing the technological feasibility and economic consequences of achieving greenhouse gas concentration targets that are sufficiently low to keep the increase in global mean temperature below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. All five global energy-environment-economy models show that(More)
The Global MARKAL-Model (GMM), a multi-regional "bottom-up" partial equilibrium model of the global energy system with endogenous technological learning, is used to address impacts of internalisation of external costs from power production. This modelling approach imposes additional charges on electricity generation, which reflect the costs of environmental(More)
The National Centre of Competence in Research on Climate aims at exploring the predictability, variability and risk of climate change. PSI is involved in this programme, using Integrated Assessment Models (IAM) to simulate policies for climate change mitigation under uncertainty. We report here selected results of the MERGE-(ETL) model with endogenous(More)
In the future, sustainable development under the umbrella of the 2000 W society could be of major interest. Could the target of the 2000 W society, i.e. a primary energy per capita (PEC) consumption of 2000 W, be realized until 2050? Various combinations of PEC and CO 2 targets are tested, and the additional costs to be paid by the society are estimated.(More)
Many countries have developed energy models (such as MARKAL-MACRO|MM) to assess their energy policies, in particular concerning the curbing of their carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. To integrate national MM models, we propose a multi-regional MARKAL-MACRO (3M) model. It enables one to study an international cooperation to curb jointly CO2 emissions through a(More)
The opinions expressed in this paper do not necessarily reflect the position of This paper is one of a series published by FEEM on the theme of innovation modeling in the context of the challenge of stabilising atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, as part of the Innovation Modeling Comparison Project. This is an international project launched and(More)
This paper deals with the long-term prospects of alternative fuels in global personal transport. It aims at assessing key drivers and key bottlenecks for their deployment, focusing particularly on the role of biofuels and hydrogen in meeting climate policy objectives. The analysis is pursued using the Global Multi-regional MARKAL model (GMM), a perfect(More)
ERIS, an energy-systems optimization model that endogenizes learning curves, is modified in order to incorporate the effects of R&D investments, an important contributing factor to the technological progress of a given technology. For such purpose a modified version of the standard learning curve formulation is applied, where the investment costs of the(More)