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This study gives a synthesis of a model comparison assessing the technological feasibility and economic consequences of achieving greenhouse gas concentration targets that are sufficiently low to keep the increase in global mean temperature below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. All five global energy-environment-economy models show that(More)
The Global MARKAL-Model (GMM), a multi-regional "bottom-up" partial equilibrium model of the global energy system with endogenous technological learning, is used to address impacts of internalisation of external costs from power production. This modelling approach imposes additional charges on electricity generation, which reflect the costs of environmental(More)
The National Centre of Competence in Research on Climate aims at exploring the predictability, variability and risk of climate change. PSI is involved in this programme, using Integrated Assessment Models (IAM) to simulate policies for climate change mitigation under uncertainty. We report here selected results of the MERGE-(ETL) model with endogenous(More)
ERIS, an energy-systems optimization model that endogenizes learning curves, is modified in order to incorporate the effects of R&D investments, an important contributing factor to the technological progress of a given technology. For such purpose a modified version of the standard learning curve formulation is applied, where the investment costs of the(More)
The European Union (EU) is committed to the goal of keeping the increase in global temperatures from pre-industrial levels to no more than two degrees Celsius with a better than even chance. Achieving this 2°C target would require stabilising greenhouse gas concentrations at less than 450ppm. This Chapter examines whether and how this can be done by probing(More)
The implications of key policy measures aimed at reducing global Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions through the deployment of advanced and climate-friendly energy fuels and conversion technologies are the focus of this study. The study was performed for the ACROPOLIS Project of the European Commission (EC) and the NCCR-CLIMATE Project. The structural,(More)