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OBJECTIVE The immunomodulatory effect of deer antler, which is used as traditional medicine, has been known, but the active component of antlers from Cervus elaphus has not been identified. In this study, we identified the immunomodulator from C. elaphus and examined its biological activities on the immune system. METHODS To identify an immunomodulator,(More)
Osteoclasts are multinucleated cells formed by multiple steps of cell differentiation from progenitor cells of hematopoietic origin. Intervention in osteoclast differentiation is considered as an effective therapeutic approach to the treatment for bone diseases involving osteoclasts. In this study, we found that the organic compound(More)
Monoacetyldiglycerides purified from deer antler, and identical synthetic compounds, have been shown to stimulate hematopoiesis. In the present study, we synthesized eight monoacetyldiglycerides, one of which, 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetyl-rac-glycerol (3), was structurally identical to one of the naturally occurring monoacetyldiglycerides and showed the(More)
Four novel lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC) analogues, (S)-N-stearoyl-O-phosphocholineserine methyl ester [(S)-1a], (R)-1-lyso-2-stearoylamino-2-deoxy-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine [(R)-2a], (R)-N-stearoyl-O-phosphocholineserine methyl ester [(R)-1b], and (S)-1-lyso-2-stearoylamino-2-deoxy-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine [(S)-2b], were synthesized(More)
In this study we showed that 2-(trimethylammonium)ethyl (R)-3-methoxy-3-oxo-2-stearamidopropyl phosphate [(R)-TEMOSPho], a derivative of an organic chemical identified from a natural product library, promotes highly efficient differentiation of megakaryocytes. Specifically, (R)-TEMOSPho induces cell cycle arrest, cell size increase and polyploidization from(More)
The effects of the linker arm rigidity and size on melanocortin receptor selectivity were explored in a series of compounds using cyclic lactam alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone template. A variety of dicarboxylic acid linkers introduced between the alpha-amino group of His(6) and the epsilon-amino group of Lys(10) lead to high-affinity, selective human(More)
A mixture of monoacetyldiglycerides was newly isolated from the chloroform extract of antlers of Cervus nippon, guided by the hematopoietic stimulation of stem cells. The structures of monoacetyldiglycerides were determined by various spectroscopic methods: FAB MS, CID tandem MS, and 1D and 2D NMR. A mixture of at least nine inseparable(More)
The structural determination of sn-1 and sn-2 hexadecanoic lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) regioisomers was carried out using fast atom bombardment tandem mass spectrometry (FAB-MS/MS). The collision-induced dissociation (CID) of protonated and sodiated molecules produced diverse product ions due mainly to charge remote fragmentations. Based on the(More)