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E-Cadherin/β-catenin complex plays an important role in maintaining epithelial integrity and disrupting this complex affect not only the adhesive repertoire of a cell, but also the Wnt-signaling pathway. Aberrant expression of the complex is associated with a wide variety of human malignancies and disorders of fibrosis resulting from epithelial-mesenchymal(More)
A pro-fibrotic role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in tubular cell epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is well established in renal fibrosis; however studies from our group and others have demonstrated some previously unrecognized complexity of MMP-9 that has been overlooked in renal fibrosis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the(More)
A 14-membered macrolide antibiotic narbomycin produced from Streptomyces venezuelae ATCC 15439 is composed of polyketide macrolactone ring and D-desosamine as a deoxysugar moiety, which acts as an important determinant of its antibacterial activity. In order to generate diverse glycosylated derivatives of narbomycin, expression plasmids carrying different(More)
Expression plasmids carrying different deoxysugar biosynthetic gene cassettes and the gene encoding a substrate-flexible glycosyltransferase DesVII were constructed and introduced into Streptomyces venezuelae YJ003 mutant strain bearing a deletion of a desosamine biosynthetic (des) gene cluster. The resulting recombinants produced macrolide antibiotic YC-17(More)
Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is known to be both anti-inflammatory and profibrotic. Cross-talk between TGF-β/Smad and Wnt/β-catenin pathways in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) suggests a specific role for β-catenin in profibrotic effects of TGF-β1. However, no such mechanistic role has been demonstrated for β-catenin in the(More)
Loss of E-cadherin marks a defect in epithelial integrity and polarity during tissue injury and fibrosis. Whether loss of E-cadherin plays a causal role in fibrosis is uncertain. α3β1 Integrin has been identified to complex with E-cadherin in cell-cell adhesion, but little is known about the details of their cross talk. Herein, E-cadherin gene (Cdh1) was(More)
Previous studies have shown that an exposure to sub-inhibitory levels of kanamycin induces capsule synthesis which confers antibiotic resistance. To examine the role of spoT and relA genes in capsule synthesis and acquired physiological antibiotic resistance during sub-inhibitory kanamycin treatment, multiple studies were performed but showed inconclusive(More)
The mutant K-Ras elevates intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and leads to oxidative DNA damage, resulting in malignant cell transformation. Ras association domain family 1 isoform A (RASSF1A) is known to play a role as a Ras effector. However, the suppressive effect of RASSF1A on K-RasV12-induced ROS increase and DNA damage has not been(More)
The arial parts of Scutellaria barbata D. Don (Lamiaceae) efficiently inhibited NO production in BV2 microglial cells, and the active constituents were further isolated based on activity-guided isolation using silica-gel column chromatography, RP-C18 MPLC and prep-HPLC. As the results, 2 flavonoids including 6-methoxynaringenin (1) and(More)
Recommended Citation Lee, So Ra. "Pharmacological and biophysical characterization of a prokaryotic voltage-gated sodium channel." PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) thesis, ii To my family iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS First and foremost, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to my supervisor Dr. Christopher A. Ahern for his continuous support, guidance,(More)