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Many biological motor molecules move within cells using stepsizes predictable from their structures. Myosin VI, however, has much larger and more broadly distributed stepsizes than those predicted from its short lever arms. We explain the discrepancy by monitoring Qdots and gold nanoparticles attached to the myosin-VI motor domains using high-sensitivity(More)
It has been puzzled that in spite of its single-headed structure, myosin-IX shows the typical character of processive motor in multi-molecule in vitro motility assay, because this cannot be explained by hand-over-hand mechanism of the two-headed processive myosins. Here, we show direct evidence of the processive movement of myosin-IX using two different(More)
Myosin V is an actin-based processive molecular motor driven by the chemical energy of ATP hydrolysis. Although the chemo-mechanical coupling in processive movement has been postulated by separate structural, mechanical and biochemical studies, no experiment has been able to directly test these conclusions. Therefore the relationship between ATP-turnover(More)
Myosin VI is an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-driven dimeric molecular motor that has dual function as a vesicle transporter and a cytoskeletal anchor. Recently, it was reported that myosin VI generates three types of steps by taking either a distant binding or adjacent binding state (noncanonical hand-over-hand step pathway). The adjacent binding state, in(More)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) turnover drives various processive molecular motors and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) release is a principal transition in this cycle. Biochemical and single molecule mechanical studies have led to a model in which a slow ADP release step contributes to the processivity of myosin-V. To test the relationship between force(More)
Transformations between G- (monomeric) and F-actin (polymeric) are important in cellular behaviors such as migration, cytokinesis, and morphing. In order to understand these transitions, we combined single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer with total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy to examine conformational changes of individual actin(More)
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