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BACKGROUND Hilar cholangiocarcinoma is an uncommon cancer and its overall incidence is increasing. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been proposed as palliative management for unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma (UHC). To date, little is known about the role of the addition of systemic chemotherapy to PDT for UHC. We performed a prospective, randomised,(More)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. abscess and granulomatous reactions. receptors as(More)
OBJECTIVE Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is characterized by persistent hypoglycemia due to the inappropriate insulin secretion. Inactivating mutations in the ABCC8 and KCNJ11 genes, which encode the sulfonylurea receptor 1 and Kir6.2 subunits of the ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channel in pancreatic β-cell, are the most common cause of CHI. We studied the(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immune response to serotype 19A in children aged 12-23 months after immunization of the 19F containing 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7). METHODS Blood samples from a total of 45 subjects (age 12-23 months) were included in the study. Subjects were categorized according to immunization(More)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. switched ruby laser have been tried to treat these(More)
Neonatal Marfan syndrome (nMFS) is considered to be on the most severe end of the spectrum of type I fibrillinopathies. The common features of nMFS include ascending aortic dilatation, severe mitral and/or tricuspid valve insufficiency, ectopia lentis, arachnodactyly, joint contractures, crumpled ear, loose skin, and pulmonary emphysema.We describe a(More)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Dear Editor: Periorbital wrinkles are an early sign(More)
We report the case of a 46-year-old Korean woman who presented with a 5-month history of a hyperkeratotic plaque on the left palm. On examination, the plaque showed an annular pattern with an umbilicated central nodule and a peripheral palisading induration, which had a verrucous surface. After surgical resection, histopathologic analysis revealed that the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to clarify the natural course of ventricular septal defect, and to find an index that would help in prenatal counseling. METHODS Between January 2010 and December 2014, 18 188 fetuses underwent echocardiographic examinations. Of these, 228 isolated ventricular septal defect cases were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS(More)